Pawel Kuklik

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BACKGROUND Ablation of long-standing persistent atrial fibrillation (AF) is highly variable, with differing techniques and outcomes. OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to undertake a systematic review of the literature with regard to the impact of ablation technique on the outcomes of long-standing persistent AF ablation. METHODS A systematic(More)
BACKGROUND There is a known association between obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and atrial fibrillation (AF); however, how OSA affects the atrial myocardium is not well described. OBJECTIVE To determine whether patients with OSA have an abnormal atrial substrate. METHODS Forty patients undergoing ablation of paroxysmal AF and in sinus rhythm (20 with OSA(More)
BACKGROUND In the past decade, catheter ablation has become an established therapy for symptomatic atrial fibrillation (AF). Until very recently, few data have been available to guide the clinical community on the outcomes of AF ablation at ≥3 years of follow-up. We aimed to systematically review the medical literature to evaluate the long-term outcomes of(More)
BACKGROUND It has been suggested that omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFAs) may prevent the development of atrial fibrillation (AF). OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of these agents on development of the AF substrate in heart failure (HF). METHODS In this study, HF was induced by intracoronary doxorubicin(More)
BACKGROUND Obesity is associated with atrial fibrillation (AF); however, the mechanisms by which it induces AF are unknown. OBJECTIVE To examine the effect of progressive weight gain on the substrate for AF. METHODS Thirty sheep were studied at baseline, 4 months, and 8 months, following a high-calorie diet. Ten sheep were sampled at each time point for(More)
INTRODUCTION Sites of complex fractionated atrial electrograms (CFAEs) and highest dominant frequency (DF) have been proposed as critical regions maintaining atrial fibrillation (AF). This study aimed to determine the minimum electrogram recording duration that accurately characterizes CFAE or DF sites for ablation without unduly lengthening the procedure.(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to determine whether patients with paroxysmal "lone" atrial fibrillation (AF) have an abnormal atrial substrate. BACKGROUND While "AF begets AF," prompt termination to prevent electrical remodeling does not prevent disease progression. METHODS Twenty-five patients with paroxysmal lone AF, without arrhythmia in(More)
BACKGROUND The pivot is critical to rotors postulated to maintain atrial fibrillation (AF). We reasoned that wavefronts circling the pivot should broaden the amplitude distribution of bipolar electrograms because of directional information encoded in these signals. We aimed to determine whether Shannon entropy (ShEn), a measure of signal amplitude(More)
1. High-density cardiac electrophysiological study (EPS) of small animal atria has been limited to optical mapping techniques, which require complex and expensive equipment setup. We aim to evaluate the feasibility of carrying out EPS in isolated atrial tissues using a custom made high-density multiple-electrode array (MEA). 2. Isolated rat atrial(More)
AIMS To characterize the atrial remodelling in mitral stenosis (MS). METHODS AND RESULTS Twenty-four patients with severe MS undergoing commissurotomy and 24 controls were studied. Electrophysiological evaluation was performed in 12 patients in each group by positioning multi-electrode catheters in both atria to determine the following: effective(More)