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Epidemiological data show that colorectal cancer (CRC) is the second most frequent malignancy worldwide. The involvement of “minor impact genes” such as XME and DNA-repair genes in the etiology of sporadic cancer has been postulated by other authors. We focused on analyzing polymorphisms in DNA-repair genes in CRC. We considered the following genes involved(More)
The CpG island methylator phenotype (CIMP), characterized by an exceptionally high frequency of methylation of discrete CpG islands, is observed in 18% to 25% of sporadic colorectal cancers (CRCs). Another hypermethylation pattern found in CRCs, termed LRES (long-range epigenetic silencing), is associated with DNA/histone methylation in three distinct gene(More)
There is evidence that insertion of viral DNA into a mammalian genome can lead to alterations of methylation patterns. The aim of the present study was to examine the presence of DNA sequences of five human DNA viruses (assessed by PCR): JC polyoma virus (JCV), human adenovirus (AdV), Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), Kaposi sarcoma-associated herpesvirus(More)
BACKGROUND Most recent genome-wide studies on the CpG island methylation in colorectal cancer (CRC) have led to the discovery of at least 3 distinct methylation clusters. However, there remains an uncertainty whether the CRC clusters identified in these studies represent compatible phenotypes. METHODS We carried out comprehensive genome-scale DNA(More)
The ErbB signalling network plays a crucial role in the growth and progression of several cancers, including colorectal cancer (CRC), and includes potentially drug-targetable genes. Oncogenic activation of the ErbB pathway by mutations and focal amplifications have emerged recently as an important predictive marker of the prognosis of CRC patients. However,(More)
The protective effect of vitamin D against several cancers including colorectal cancer is modulated by the vitamin D receptor (VDR) and its ligand, the active form of vitamin D. VDR response has been found to play a role in various genes encoding proteins involved in crucial cellular pathways. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of the VDR gene that(More)
Data presented in a number of recent studies have revealed a negative correlation between CpG island methylator phenotype (CIMP) and chromosomal instability (CIN) measured by a loss of heterozygosity (LOH) of selected loci, suggesting that CIN and CIMP represent two independent mechanisms in sporadic colorectal cancer (CRC) carcinogenesis. However, CIN is a(More)
Epileptic encephalopathies (EE) include a range of severe epilepsies in which intractable seizures or severe sub-clinical epileptiform activity are accompanied by impairment of motor and cognitive functions. Mutations in several genes including ion channels and other genes whose function is not completely understood have been associated to some EE. In this(More)
Clostridium difficile is the cause of the nosocomial C. difficile infection (CDI). The conventional antibiotics used in CDI therapy are often unsuccessful, and recurrent infections may occur. Biofilm formation by C. difficile is associated with chronic or recurrent infections; biofilms may contribute to virulence and impaired antimicrobial efficacy. Manuka(More)
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is an epidemiological problem of a great importance in Poland; each year approximately 14,600 new cases of the disease are diagnosed. Mortality associated with CRC reaches approximately 10,400 cases per year (according to the National Cancer Registry). The 5-year survival rate is approximately 25 %, which is one of the lowest rates(More)