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The mammalian nicotinamide-adenine dinucleotide (NAD)-dependent deacetylase Sirt1 impacts different processes involved in the maintenance of brain integrity and in the pathogenic pathways associated with several neurodegenerative disorders, including Alzheimer's disease. Here we used human Sirt1 transgenic mice to demonstrate that neuron-specific Sirt1(More)
Structural variants are implicated in numerous diseases and make up the majority of varying nucleotides among human genomes. Here we describe an integrated set of eight structural variant classes comprising both balanced and unbalanced variants, which we constructed using short-read DNA sequencing data and statistically phased onto haplotype blocks in 26(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Motor recovery after stroke has been shown to be correlated with both the fractional anisotropy (FA) of the affected corticospinal tract (CST) and the interhemispheric resting-state functional connectivity (rsFC) of the primary motor cortex (M1). However, the role of the restoration or enhancement of the M1-M1 rsFC in motor recovery(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the value of BOLD-based reversible transverse relaxation rate (R2') MRI in detecting ischemic penumbra (IP) in a monkey model of reversible middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) and time evolution of relative R2' (rR2') in infarcted core, IP, and oligemia. MATERIALS AND METHODS 6 monkeys were used to make MCAO by the(More)
Cytosine DNA methylation is an epigenetic mark in most eukaryotic cells that regulates numerous processes, including gene expression and stress responses. We performed a genome-wide analysis of DNA methylation in the human malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum. We mapped the positions of methylated cytosines and identified a single functional DNA(More)
This study aimed to investigate the changes in functional connectivity (FC) within each resting-state network (RSN) and between RSNs in subcortical stroke patients who were well recovered in global motor function. Eleven meaningful RSNs were identified via functional magnetic resonance imaging data from 25 subcortical stroke patients and 22 normal controls(More)
Large-scale cohort-based whole exome sequencing of individuals with neurodevelopmental disorders (NDDs) has identified numerous novel candidate disease genes; however, detailed phenotypic information is often lacking in such studies. De novo mutations in pogo transposable element with zinc finger domain (POGZ) have been identified in six independent and(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of this study was to develop folate-poly (PEG-cyanoacrylate-co-cholesteryl cyanoacrylate) (FA-PEG-PCHL)-modified freeze-dried liposomes for targeted chemotherapy using docetaxel as a model drug. METHODS FA-PEG-PCHL was synthesized and its cytotoxicity was evaluated by CCK-8 assay in L929. Docetaxel-loaded liposomes modified by(More)
Saccharina (Laminaria) is an important economic seaweed. Simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers were developed for S. japonica from an SSR-enriched genomic library using a modified magnetic-bead enrichment protocol. Sequence analysis of 2,853 randomly picked recombinant colonies indicated that 1,092 of the colonies contained microsatellites. After filtration,(More)
Two complete mitochondrial genome sequences for Laminaria longissima (=Saccharina longissima) and Laminaria hyperborea are reported in this study. They had circular mapping organization with slight difference in size (37,628 and 37,976 bp, respectively) and contained almost the same set of mitochondrial genes, including the genes for three rRNAs (23S, 16S,(More)