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PURPOSE The aim of this study is to assess cognitive, emotional and social functioning in children and adolescents after the removal of craniopharyngioma. METHODS Twenty-seven children operated for craniopharyngioma and their parents participated in the study. Cognitive functions were assessed with WISC-R/WAIS-R-PL and Rey-Osterrieth Complex Figure Test.(More)
Focal cortical dysplasia (FCD) is a developmental brain disorder characterized by localized abnormalities of cortical layering and neuronal morphology. It is associated with pharmacologically intractable forms of epilepsy in both children and adults. The mechanisms that underlie FCD-associated seizures and lead to the progression of the disease are unclear.(More)
BACKGROUND Subependymal giant cell astrocytoma is a brain tumor associated with tuberous sclerosis complex. There are two treatment options for subependymal giant cell astrocytomas: surgery or mammalian target of rapamycin inhibitor. The analysis of outcome of subependymal giant cell astrocytoma surgery may help characterize the patients who may benefit(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Hydrocephalus in its various forms constitutes one of the major problems in neurosurgery. All neurosurgeons struggle with shunt malfunctions and their complications. Clinical experience suggests that there may exist a definite constellation of clinical features associated with higher risk of shunt malfunction. The aim of this study(More)
BACKGROUND Oral microbial flora and a damaged oral mucosa may increase the risk of bacteriemia, fungemia and complications in immunocompromised patients. AIM OF THE STUDY Assessment of presence: bacteria and Candida spp. in different oral lesions, and the incidence of bacteremia in the case of a damaged mucosa in transplant recipients and patients(More)
Subependymal giant cell astrocytoma (SEGA) is a rare, benign brain tumour developing in patients with tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC). Typical histopathological findings of this neoplasm are solid sheets and perivascular pseudorosettes of large, gemistocytic, polygonal and occasionally ganglion-like cells within a fibrillated background, accompanied by(More)
OBJECTIVES In the study surgical indications are reviewed and the effect of the applied surgical technique on long-term treatment outcome in children with large cystic brainstem cavernous malformations is evaluated. METHOD Clinical data of 5 patients treated surgically for large cystic cavernous malformations of the pons in the years 1995-2001 were(More)
UNLABELLED The aim of this paper was to assess the preliminary results of callosotomy in children with "catastrophic" drug-resistant epilepsy. During the last 5 years, we performed callosotomy in 8 cases. Indications were: "catastrophic" drug-resistant epilepsy with frequent seizures, progressive psychomotor and intellectual deterioration, generalised(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Tethered cord syndrome (TCS) consists of solid adhesion of the distal spinal cord to adjacent structures, resulting in repetitive spinal cord traction during truncal movements. The condition is usually a sequel of lumbosacral dysraphism, spinal cord injury or surgical procedure. Clinical signs of TCS include sphincter disturbances,(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The aim of the study was to evaluate registration accuracy in an electromagnetic navigation system applied to image-guided intracranial procedures in children. MATERIAL AND METHODS In a group of 34 children aged from 2 weeks to 17 years, 38 procedures were performed using electromagnetic navigation, including 24 neuroendoscopic(More)