Pawan Kumar Vohra

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Mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathways transfer environmental signals into intracellular events such as proliferation and differentiation. Fungi utilize a specific pheromone-induced MAPK pathway to regulate conjugation, formation of an ascus, and entry into meiosis. We have previously identified a MAPK, PCM, from the fungal opportunist(More)
The Na(+)/H(+) exchanger regulatory factor-2 (NHERF-2) is an integral component of almost all endothelial cells (ECs), yet its endothelial function is not known. Here, we found that NHERF-2, is a key regulator of endothelial homeostasis because NHERF-2-silenced ECs proliferate at a much higher rate even in the absence of mitogens such as VEGF compared with(More)
An alkalophilic and thermotolerant, pectinase-producing Bacillus sp. DT7 effectively removed pectic substances from buel (Grewia optiva) bast fibres. A novel combined (chemical and enzymatic) treatment was used to degum buel bast fibres, which was followed by the release of galacturonic acid (575 μmol g−1 dry fibres) and a decrease in dry weight (43%) of(More)
A pheromone-induced mitogen activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway controls mating in fungi by regulating gene transcription. In the opportunistic fungus Pneumocystis carinii, we have identified a protein containing a high-mobility group (HMG) motif which is homologous to the transcriptional activators STE11 of Schizosaccharomyces pombe and STE12 of(More)
PURPOSE This study aimed to investigate the expression of the ErbB family of receptor tyrosine kinases in pulmonary typical carcinoid and atypical carcinoid tumors and to understand the role of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) signaling in pulmonary carcinoid tumor proliferation. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Surgically resected typical carcinoid (n = 24)(More)
Although the importance of RGS-GAIP-interacting protein (GIPC) in the biology of malignant cells is well known, the molecular mechanism of GIPC in the inhibition of tumor progression has not been identified. This study focused on elucidating the molecular role of GIPC in breast cancer progression. By using a human breast tumor specimen, an in vivo mouse(More)
Venous neointimal hyperplasia (VNH) causes hemodialysis vascular access failure. Here we tested whether VNH formation occurs in part due to local vessel hypoxia caused by surgical trauma to the vasa vasorum of the outflow vein at the time of arteriovenous fistula placement. Selective targeting of the adventitia of the outflow vein at the time of fistula(More)
Pneumocystis carinii (PC) causes severe pneumonia in immunocompromised patients. PC is intrinsically resistant to treatment with azole antifungal medications. The enzyme lanosterol 14 alpha-demethylase (Erg11) is the target for azole antifungals. We cloned PCERG11 and compared its sequence to Erg11 proteins present in azole-resistant organisms, and(More)
Caveolae are flask-shaped plasma membrane invaginations expressing the scaffolding caveolin proteins. Although caveolins have been found in endothelium and epithelium (where they regulate nitric oxide synthase activity), their role in smooth muscle is still under investigation. We and others have previously shown that caveolae of human airway smooth muscle(More)
VEGF induces vascular permeability (VP) in ischemic diseases and cancer, leading to many pathophysiological consequences. The molecular mechanisms by which VEGF acts to induce hyperpermeability are poorly understood and in vivo models that easily facilitate real-time, genetic studies of VP do not exist. In the present study, we report a heat-inducible VEGF(More)