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We introduce a class of biologically-motivated algorithms for generating leaf venation patterns. These algorithms simulate the interplay between three processes: (1) development of veins towards hormone (auxin) sources embedded in the leaf blade; (2) modification of the hormone source distribution by the proximity of veins; and (3) modification of both the(More)
Because of their complexity, plant models used in computer graphics are commonly created with procedural methods. A difficult problem is the user control of these models: a small number of parameters is insufficient to specify plant characteristics in detail, while large numbers of parameters are tedious to manipulate and difficult to comprehend. To address(More)
We present a model of fracture formation on surfaces of bilayered materials. The model makes it possible to synthesize patterns of fractures induced by growth or shrinkage of one layer with respect to another. We use the finite element method (FEM) to obtain numerical solutions. This paper improves the standard FEM with techniques needed to efficiently(More)
This paper introduces a method for creating naturally varied plants from a given basic plant model. Previous techniques create variation in plants by introducing local randomness to the plant model's description. However, randomness is restricted by the model's parameterization and lack of correlation between local features making varying global properties(More)
Mathematical modeling of growing multicellular structures creates the problem of solving systems of equations in which not only the values of variables, but the equations themselves, may change over time. We consider this problem in the framework of Lindenmayer systems, a standard formalism for modeling plants, and show how parametric context−sensitive(More)
Many activities in computer graphics can be regarded as experiments on virtual objects or models. In the process of experimentation the existing models are gradually improved and new model categories emerge. The Virtual Laboratory (vlab) is a software environment designed to support model development by facilitating the manipulation of models and providing(More)
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