Pavlina Wolf

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Destruction of li by proteolysis is required for MHC class II molecules to bind antigenic peptides, and for transport of the resulting complexes to the cell surface. The cysteine protease cathepsin S is highly expressed in spleen, lymphocytes, monocytes, and other class II-positive cells, and is inducible with interferon-gamma. Specific inhibition of(More)
JNCL is a recessively inherited, childhood-onset neurodegenerative disease most-commonly caused by a ~1 kb CLN3 mutation. The resulting loss of battenin activity leads to deposition of mitochondrial ATP synthase, subunit c and a specific loss of CNS neurons. We previously generated Cln3Δex7/8 knock-in mice, which replicate the common JNCL mutation, express(More)
Cerebral folate transport deficiency is an inherited brain-specific folate transport defect that is caused by mutations in the folate receptor 1 gene coding for folate receptor alpha (FRα). This genetic defect gives rise to a progressive neurological disorder with late infantile onset. We screened 72 children with low 5-methyltetrahydrofolate concentrations(More)
A study was conducted to evaluate the adaptability to the tiger of an in vitro fertilization/embryo culture system previously developed in the domestic cat. In Trial I (July 1989), 10 female tigers were treated with either 2,500 (n = 5) or 5,000 (n = 5) IU eCG i.m. and with 2,000 IU hCG i.m. 84 h later. In Trial II (January 1990), 6 females (5 of which were(More)
Molecular cloning of the partial cDNA coding sequences of the four erbB receptors and the epidermal growth factor (EGF)-like ligands EGF, transforming growth factor alpha (TGF), and heparin-binding EGF (HB-EGF) has provided the basis for a comprehensive analysis of the spatiotemporal expression pattern of the EGF receptor/ligand system during the(More)
Bipolar disorder (BD) is a common neuropsychiatric disorder characterized by chronic recurrent episodes of depression and mania. Despite evidence for high heritability of BD, little is known about its underlying pathophysiology. To develop new tools for investigating the molecular and cellular basis of BD, we applied a family-based paradigm to derive and(More)
The antigen-specific receptors of T lymphocytes rely on products of the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) to recognize and engage antigen. MHC molecules display antigen on the cell surface in the form of small peptides, generated intracellularly by fragmentation of the intact protein antigen. They acquire these peptides at distinct intracellular(More)
Glucocerebrosidase (GBA) mutations have been associated with Parkinson's disease in numerous studies. However, it is unknown whether the increased risk of Parkinson's disease in GBA carriers is due to a loss of glucocerebrosidase enzymatic activity. We measured glucocerebrosidase enzymatic activity in dried blood spots in patients with Parkinson's disease(More)
By combining two previously generated null mutations, Ii degrees and M degrees , we produced mice lacking the invariant chain and H-2M complexes, both required for normal cell-surface expression of major histocompatibility complex class II molecules loaded with the usual diverse array of peptides. As expected, the maturation and transport of class II(More)
Invariant chain binds to class II molecules and guides them to the cell surface via the endosomes. Class II-associated invariant chain peptide (CLIP), a conserved sequence in an unstructured region of invariant chain, binds in the peptide binding groove of class II and is thought to be the major contributor to the interaction between invariant chain and(More)