Pavlina D. Konstantinova

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Double-stranded RNA can induce gene silencing via a process known as RNA interference (RNAi). Previously, we have shown that stable expression of a single shRNA targeting the HIV-1 Nef gene strongly inhibits HIV-1 replication. However, this was not sufficient to maintain inhibition. One of the hallmarks of RNAi, its sequence specificity, presented a way out(More)
This paper compares two algorithms for Multiple Target Tracking (MTT), using Global Nearest Neighbor (GNN) and Suboptimal Nearest Neighbor (SNN) approach respectively. For both algorithms the observations are divided in clusters to reduce computational efforts. For each cluster the assignment problem is solved by using Munkres algorithm or according SNN(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are evolutionary conserved small non-coding RNAs that regulate gene expression by mediating post-transcriptional silencing of target genes. Since miRNAs are involved in fine-tuning of physiological responses, they have become of interest for diagnosis and therapy of a number of diseases. Moreover, the role of dysregulated miRNAs in(More)
The intergenic spacer (IGS) regions of the rDNA of several Fusarium spp. strains obtained from the collaborative researchers (Int. J. Food Microbiol. (2003)) were amplified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR), and an IGS-RFLP analysis was performed. Restriction digestion with AluI, MspI and PstI allowed differentiation between the related Fusarium poae and(More)
In 2001 the range of the total Fusarium contamination percentage of infected seeds was between 0% and 44%, while in 2002 the contamination level was 2–25% in naturally infected Finnish samples and 5–14.5% in six samples from northwestern Russia. The most common Fusarium species in barley were F. avenaceum, F. arthrosporioides, F. sporotrichioides and F.(More)
RNA interference (RNAi) is a powerful approach to inhibit human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) replication. However, HIV-1 can escape from RNAi-mediated antiviral therapy by selection of mutations in the targeted sequence. To prevent viral escape, multiple small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) against conserved viral sequences should be combined. Ideally,(More)
ABC transporters export clinically-relevant drugs and their over-expression causes multidrug resistance. In order to knock-down ABC transporters, ABCC1 and ABCC2, 13 shRNAs were developed. Four shRNA candidates were tested in vivo using self-complementary adeno-associated virus serotype 8. A strong, specific knock-down of Abbc2 was observed in mice liver,(More)
BACKGROUND Controlling and limiting the expression of short hairpin RNA (shRNA) by using constitutive or tissue-specific polymerase II (pol II) expression can be a promising strategy to avoid RNAi toxicity. However, to date detailed studies on requirements for effective pol II shRNA expression and processing are not available. We investigated the optimal(More)
This paper describes the development of S-SAP (sequence-specific amplified polymorphism) using a primer derived from the LTR (long terminal repeat) of the Pyggy retrotransposon isolated from Pyrenophora graminea. Fragments were amplified by S-SAP from different Pyrenophora spp., indicating the presence of Pyggy-like sequences in these genomes. The bands(More)
UNLABELLED Adenosine triphosphate (ATP)-binding cassette (ABC) transporters are drug efflux pumps responsible for the multidrug resistance phenotype causing hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) treatment failure. Here we studied the expression of 15 ABC transporters relevant for multidrug resistance in 19 paired HCC patient samples (16 untreated, 3 treated by(More)