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This study examined the effects of immobilization stress combined with water immersion (ICS) and/or amphetamine (AM) on different memory phases in the passive avoidance task in rats. The performance of rats was evaluated in the retention tests 24 and 48 h after a single acquisition trial. ICS exposure lasting 1 h impaired retention of the learned avoidance(More)
The effect of restraint stress combined with water immersion (IMO+C), applied at various intervals before and after the acquisition of a passive avoidance task, was studied in rats. The procedure started with two pre-training trials. On the single training trial the rats received a footshock (0.3 mA, 3s) after they entered the preferred dark compartment.(More)
Oxytocin (OXY) has been shown to attenuate some of the physiological and behavioral alterations appearing in stressed rats. Carbetocin (CBT), an oxytocin analog [deamino-1-monocarba-(2-O-methyltyrosine)-oxytocin], was designed to exert prolonged action. In the present study we investigated the impact of these peptides on the behavioral changes in rats(More)
The present paper investigated the differences in passive avoidance learning between Sprague--Dawley and Lewis rats. After initial habituation (experimental Part 1), measured as latencies to enter the dark, preferable compartment, the effect of treatment with amphetamine (8 mg kg(-1)b.w.), the retention performance compared with controls (saline) was tested(More)
In order to study the contribution of genetic factors to the pattern of stress-induced brain activation, we studied the expression of c-fos mRNA, a marker of neuronal activity, in male Sprague-Dawley and Lewis strains, the latter being known to have a deficient responsiveness of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis. Immobilization (IMO) alone or(More)
The study examined the effects of restraint combined with cold water stress (IMO+C) on learning and memory of Sprague-Dawley (S-D) and Lewis (LE) rats in the passive avoidance task. The procedure started with 6 days of adaptation to the apparatus during which the recorded latencies to enter the dark compartment were used to assess the process of(More)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the action of two types of stressors in Sprague-Dawley (S-D) and Lewis (LEW) rats differing in their hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis activity on locomotion and rearing in an open space. Exposure to restraint immobilization alone (IMO) or this immobilization combined with cold water (22 degrees C) immersion(More)
Three exposures (Days 1, 2 and 3) of rats to immobilization or immobilization combined with cold induced an alteration of exploratory behavior in an open space arena. When tested 1h after both stressors exposure, rats displayed a decrease in locomotor and rearing score. The deficit disappeared when rats were tested five days later and the performance(More)
Changes in beta-adrenergic receptors in the neurohypophysis and intermediate lobe of the rat have been characterized under physiological and stress conditions. Classical immobilization stress (IMO) was also combined with the immersion of rats into water (IMO + COLD stress). Both types of stress were applied for 30, 60 or 150 min. The intensity of stress(More)
Several papers have indicated the participation of cyclic AMP as a second messenger for the release of neurohypophysial hormones. Since very little is known about the effects of stress and drugs of abuse on this process, we studied the activity of adenylyl cyclase in the neurohypophyses after immobilization stress and chronic amphetamine treatment. Our(More)