Learn More
Blood samples were collected from 192 exposed workers who participated in the cleanup after the April 26, 1986, nuclear reactor accident at Chernobyl, Ukraine. These samples, together with samples from 73 individuals living in Russia but not involved in Chernobyl cleanup activities, were collected during September 1991 to May 1996 and shipped to the U.S.(More)
Three somatic mutation assays were evaluated in men exposed to low-dose, whole-body, ionizing radiation. Blood samples were obtained between 1992 and 1999 from 625 Russian Chernobyl cleanup workers and 182 Russian controls. The assays were chromosome translocations in lymphocytes detected by FISH, hypoxanthine phosphoribosyltransferase (HPRT) mutant(More)
This study was conducted to evaluate the ability of mutation in the hypoxanthine-phosphoribosyltransferase gene (HPRT) to detect radiation-induced mutation in lymphocytes of Russian Chernobyl Clean-up workers, particularly as a function of time after exposure. It is part of a multi-endpoint study comparing HPRT mutation with chromosome translocation and(More)
This study was conducted to determine whether the frequency of hypoxanthine phosphoribosyltransferase (HPRT) deficient lymphocyte mutants would detect an effect of radiation exposure in a population of Russians who were exposed to low levels of radiation while working in 1986 and 1987 as liquidators cleaning up after the Chernobyl nuclear power reactor(More)
In 1986, when an explosion accident occurred at the Chernobyl, Ukraine nuclear power plant, a large number of people were exposed to significant amounts of ionizing radiation. During the time between 1986 and 1992, peripheral blood samples were obtained from 102 people who either were on site during the emergency or were brought to Chernobyl shortly(More)
Analysis of two human populations for dependence of somatic mutation on age has revealed both similarities and differences. The studies performed employed peripheral blood lymphocytes and measured the efficiency with which these cells form clones in vitro (cloning efficiency, CE) and the frequency of cells with inactivating mutations of the hypoxanthine(More)
This study was conducted to determine the utility of deletion spectrum and mutant frequency (MF) of the hypoxanthine phosphoribosyl transferase gene (HPRT) as indicators of radiation exposure in Russian Liquidators who served in 1986 or 1987 in the clean up effort following the nuclear power plant accident at Chernobyl. HPRT MF was determined using the(More)
The frequencies of translocations and dicentrics detected by "chromosome painting" in lymphocytes were estimated in 115 healthy donors and in 273 people exposed to uncontrolled irradiation at low doses 1-4 years ago. Age responses of both types of exchanges at the age range from 3 to 85 years fit to quadratic model. The frequency of translocations grew(More)
The goals of this study were to assess three biomarkers of genetic effect for their individual and collective ability to detect and estimate radiation exposure in Russian Chernobyl clean-up workers. Work assignments were planned to limit dose to 0.25 Gy. The three biomarkers employed were chromosome translocations detectcd in lynmphocytes by florescence in(More)