Pavel Neumann

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MOTIVATION Repetitive DNA makes up large portions of plant and animal nuclear genomes, yet it remains the least-characterized genome component in most species studied so far. Although the recent availability of high-throughput sequencing data provides necessary resources for in-depth investigation of genomic repeats, its utility is hampered by the lack of(More)
Extraordinary size variation of higher plant nuclear genomes is in large part caused by differences in accumulation of repetitive DNA. This makes repetitive DNA of great interest for studying the molecular mechanisms shaping architecture and function of complex plant genomes. However, due to methodological constraints of conventional cloning and sequencing,(More)
The investigation of plant genome structure and evolution requires comprehensive characterization of repetitive sequences that make up the majority of higher plant nuclear DNA. Since genome-wide characterization of repetitive elements is complicated by their high abundance and diversity, novel approaches based on massively-parallel sequencing are being(More)
A modified genomic self-priming technique was used for rapid isolation of tandem repeats from several Vicia species. Based on homologies of their nucleotide sequences the newly isolated clones were assigned to two repeat families named VicTR-A and VicTR-B. Both families are rich in AT (74%) and are organized as long blocks of tandemly repeated units. The(More)
The centromeric and pericentromeric regions of plant chromosomes are colonized by Ty3/gypsy retrotransposons, which, on the basis of their reverse transcriptase sequences, form the chromovirus CRM clade. Despite their potential importance for centromere evolution and function, they have remained poorly characterized. In this work, we aimed to carry out a(More)
We have isolated and characterized a novel giant retroelement, named Ogre, which is over 22 kb long and makes up at least 5% of the pea (Pisum sativum L.) genome. This element can be classified as a Ty3/gypsy-like LTR retrotransposon based on the presence of long terminal repeats (LTRs) and the order of the domains coding for typical retrotransposon(More)
STUDY DESIGN A prospective randomized clinical study with a 2-year follow-up period was conducted. OBJECTIVE To analyze the effects of circumferential fusion using ALIF radiolucent carbon fiber cages and titanium posterior instrumentation on functional outcome, fusion rate, complications, and lumbar lordosis. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA Circumferential(More)
A set of pea DNA sequences representing the most abundant genomic repeats was obtained by combining several approaches. Dispersed repeats were isolated by screening a short-insert genomic library using genomic DNA as a probe. Thirty-two clones ranging from 149 to 2961 bp in size and from 1,000 to 39,000/lC in their copy number were sequenced and further(More)
The centromeric retrotransposon (CR) family in the grass species is one of few Ty3-gypsy groups of retroelements that preferentially transpose into highly specialized chromosomal domains. It has been demonstrated in both rice and maize that CRR (CR of rice) and CRM (CR of maize) elements are intermingled with centromeric satellite DNA and are highly(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS The genus Fritillaria (Liliaceae) comprises species with extremely large genomes (1C = 30 000-127 000 Mb) and a bicontinental distribution. Most North American species (subgenus Liliorhiza) differ from Eurasian Fritillaria species by their distinct phylogenetic position and increased amounts of heterochromatin. This study examined the(More)