Pavel Krčmář

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Due to the menace of transmission of spongiform encephalopathies, feed components intended for ruminant nutrition must be checked for the presence of ruminant-derived materials. A sensitive method for the identification of bovine- and ovine- and also swine- and chicken-specific mitochondrial DNA sequences based on Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) has been(More)
Alveolar type II epithelial (AEII) cells regulate lung inflammatory response and, simultaneously, they are a target of environmental carcinogenic factors. We employed an in vitro model of rat AEII cells, the RLE-6TN cell line, in order to analyze the interactive effects of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), a cytokine which plays a key role in the initiation(More)
Immature liver progenitor cells have been suggested to be an important target of hepatotoxins and hepatocarcinogens. The goal of the present study was to assess the impact of 7H-dibenzo[c,g]carbazole (DBC) and its tissue-specific carcinogenic N-methyl (N-MeDBC) and 5,9-dimethyl (DiMeDBC) derivatives on rat liver epithelial WB-F344 cells, in vitro model of(More)
One of the toxic effects of non-dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyls (NDL-PCBs) is the acute inhibition of gap junctional intercellular communication (GJIC), an event possibly associated with tumor promotion. The model NDL-PCB-2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexachlorobiphenyl (PCB 153)-induces a sustained GJIC inhibition in rat liver epithelial WB-F344 cells. As this(More)
The extracellular material (EM) produced by the white rot fungus Phlebia radiata cultured in an N-limited liquid medium was studied. Carbohydrate analysis showed maximum concentration of glucose as the major monosaccharide component of EM was found on postinoculation day 9. Beyond day 9 of cultivation the proportion of glucose decreased suggesting that the(More)
The toxic modes of action of non-dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in liver cells are still only partially understood. Several recent studies have indicated that PCBs may interfere with cell membrane protein functions. Therefore, we analyzed in the present study the effects of di-ortho-substituted 2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexachlorobiphenyl (PCB 153) on(More)
Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) exhibit tumor-promoting effects in experimental animals. We investigated effects of six model PCB congeners and hydroxylated PCB metabolites on proliferation of contact-inhibited rat liver epithelial WB-F344 cells. The 'dioxin-like' PCB congeners, PCB 126, PCB 105, and 4'-OH-PCB 79, a metabolite of the planar PCB 77(More)
In cancer cells, the drug-metabolizing enzymes may deactivate cytostatics, thus contributing to their survival. Moreover, the induction of these enzymes may also contribute to development of drug-resistance through acceleration of cytostatics deactivation. However, the principal metabolic pathways contributing to deactivation of many cytostatics still(More)
The bipotent liver progenitor cells, so called oval cells, may participate at the early stages of hepatocarcinogenesis induced by chemical carcinogens. Unlike in mature parenchymal cells, little is known about formation of DNA adducts and other genotoxic events in oval cells. In the present study, we employed spontaneously immortalized rat liver WB-F344(More)
Although the tumor-promoting effects of 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD), coplanar polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), and related compounds in liver tissue are primarily attributed to the activation of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR), the underlying molecular mechanisms are still unclear. Liver progenitor (oval) cells have been suggested to(More)