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We present clinical and laboratory data from 14 cases with an isolated deficiency of the mitochondrial ATP synthase (7-30% of control) caused by nuclear genetic defects. A quantitative decrease of the ATP synthase complex was documented by Blue-Native electrophoresis and Western blotting and was supported by the diminished activity of(More)
Our previous work demonstrated the marked decrease of mitochondrial complex I activity in the cerebral cortex of immature rats during the acute phase of seizures induced by bilateral intracerebroventricular infusion of dl-homocysteic acid (600 nmol/side) and at short time following these seizures. The present study demonstrates that the marked decrease ((More)
The major finding of the present study concerns the marked decrease of respiratory chain complex I activity in the cerebral cortex of immature rats following seizures induced by bilateral intracerebroventricular infusion of dl-homocysteic acid (600 nmol/side). This decrease was already evident during the acute phase of seizures (60-90 min after infusion)(More)
We have recently demonstrated the evidence of oxidative stress in brain of immature rats during seizures induced by DL-homocysteic acid (DL-HCA). The aim of the present study was to investigate the antioxidant defense mechanisms under these conditions. Seizures were induced in immature 12-day-old rats by bilateral icv infusion of DL-HCA (600 nmol/side), and(More)
Dysfunction of mitochondrial ATPase (F1F(o)-ATP synthase) due to missense mutations in ATP6 [mtDNA (mitochondrial DNA)-encoded subunit a] is a frequent cause of severe mitochondrial encephalomyopathies. We have investigated a rare mtDNA mutation, i.e. a 2 bp deletion of TA at positions 9205 and 9206 (9205DeltaTA), which affects the STOP codon of the ATP6(More)
BACKGROUND Increased lactate is an important biochemical marker in diagnosis of children with suspicion of mitochondrial disorders. A diagnostic dilemma may originate if analyses are performed after seizures, when the increased lactate levels may be considered to result from the seizures. To address this problem, we ascertained the diagnostic value of(More)
BACKGROUND Niemann-Pick disease type C (NPC) is a rare, fatal neurovisceral disorder with autosomal recessive inheritance, and featuring striking clinical variability dependent on the age at onset of neurological symptoms. We report data from a large cohort of 56 Czech patients with NPC diagnosed over a period of 37 years. METHODS An observational,(More)
Epilepsy is a neurologic disorder, particularly frequent in infants and children where it can lead to serious consequences later in life. Oxidative stress and mitochondrial dysfunction are implicated in the pathogenesis of many neurological disorders including epilepsy in adults. However, their role in immature epileptic brain is unclear since there have(More)
BACKGROUND Niemann-Pick disease Type C (NP-C) is difficult to diagnose due to heterogeneous and nonspecific clinical presentation. The NP-C Suspicion Index (SI) was developed to identify patients with a high likelihood of NP-C; however, it was less reliable in patients aged <4 years. METHODS An early-onset NP-C SI was constructed following retrospective(More)
Glycerophosphate (GP)-dependent, ferricyanide-induced hydrogen peroxide production was studied in brown adipose tissue mitochondria from newborn rats. Relations between the rate of hydrogen peroxide production and total amount of hydrogen peroxide produced at different GP and ferricyanide concentrations were determined. It was found that the rate of(More)
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