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Our previous work demonstrated the marked decrease of mitochondrial complex I activity in the cerebral cortex of immature rats during the acute phase of seizures induced by bilateral intracerebroventricular infusion of dl-homocysteic acid (600 nmol/side) and at short time following these seizures. The present study demonstrates that the marked decrease ((More)
We present clinical and laboratory data from 14 cases with an isolated deficiency of the mitochondrial ATP synthase (7-30% of control) caused by nuclear genetic defects. A quantitative decrease of the ATP synthase complex was documented by Blue-Native electrophoresis and Western blotting and was supported by the diminished activity of(More)
F1Fo-ATP synthase is a key enzyme of mitochondrial energy provision producing most of cellular ATP. So far, mitochondrial diseases caused by isolated disorders of the ATP synthase have been shown to result from mutations in mtDNA genes for the subunits ATP6 and ATP8 or in nuclear genes encoding the biogenesis factors TMEM70 and ATPAF2. Here, we describe a(More)
OBJECTIVE Mitochondrial disturbances of energygenerating systems in childhood are a heterogeneous group of disorders. The aim of this multi-site survey was to characterise the natural course of a novel mitochondrial disease with ATP synthase deficiency and mutation in the TMEM70 gene. METHODS Retrospective clinical data and metabolic profiles were(More)
The cobalamin E (cblE) (MTRR, methionine synthase reductase) and cobalamin G (cblG) (MTR, methionine synthase) defects are rare inborn errors of cobalamin metabolism leading to impairment of the remethylation of homocysteine to methionine. Information on clinical and laboratory data at initial full assessment and during the course of the disease, treatment,(More)
Involvement of mammalian mitochondrial glycerophosphate dehydrogenase (mGPDH, EC in reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation was studied in brown adipose tissue mitochondria by different spectroscopic techniques. Spectrofluorometry using ROS-sensitive probes CM-H2DCFDA and Amplex Red was used to determine the glycerophosphate- or(More)
Mitochondrial disorders (MD) may manifest in neonates, but early diagnosis is difficult. In this study, clinical and laboratory data were analyzed in 129 patients with neonatal onset of MD to identify any association between specific mitochondrial diseases and their symptoms with the aim of optimizing diagnosis. Retrospective clinical and laboratory data(More)
ATP synthase is a key enzyme of mitochondrial energy conversion. In mammals, it produces most of cellular ATP. Alteration of ATP synthase biogenesis may cause two types of isolated defects: qualitative when the enzyme is structurally modified and does not function properly, and quantitative when it is present in insufficient amounts. In both cases the(More)
The major finding of the present study concerns the marked decrease of respiratory chain complex I activity in the cerebral cortex of immature rats following seizures induced by bilateral intracerebroventricular infusion of dl-homocysteic acid (600 nmol/side). This decrease was already evident during the acute phase of seizures (60-90 min after infusion)(More)
BACKGROUND Increased lactate is an important biochemical marker in diagnosis of children with suspicion of mitochondrial disorders. A diagnostic dilemma may originate if analyses are performed after seizures, when the increased lactate levels may be considered to result from the seizures. To address this problem, we ascertained the diagnostic value of(More)