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Norway spruce (Picea abies (L.) Karst.) stands in certain areas of Central Europe have experienced substantial dieback since the 1970s. Understanding the reasons for this decline and reexamining the response of forests to acid deposition reduction remains challenging because of a lack of long and well-replicated tree-ring width chronologies. Here, spruce(More)
The characteristics of spruce individuals, which survived a massive bark beetle outbreak, were compared with the characteristics of neighbouring attacked trees in Šumava National Park (Czech Republic). Selected parameters related to crown geometry, stand conditions and distances between trees were measured or estimated. Significant differences were found(More)
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) were analysed in mosses (Hypnum cupressiforme) and pine needles (Pinus sylvestris) collected in the Czech Republic between 1988-94 at a regional background site in Kosetice, south Bohemia (1988-94) and two industrial sources. One industrial site (sampled 1989-91) in middle Moravia, was near a factory producing PAHs,(More)
We investigated the ectomycorrhizal communities on the roots of adult trees and seedlings associated with three Norway spruce stands in the Czech Republic using morphological and molecular tools. The stands had different degrees of forest decline due to air pollution. The aims of the study were to obtain information about the belowground ectomycorrhizal(More)
Twenty plant species from four environmentally harsh sites in Algeria which were associated with seven ectomycorrhizal and nine endomycorrhizal species. Ectomycorrhizal associations were found onQuercus illex, Pinus halepensis, Pinus maritima, Juniperus phoenica, Cedrus atlantica, Peganum harmala andGlobularia alypum. Endomycorrhizal associations were(More)
The synergistic effect of a number of natural and anthropogenic stress factors is probably responsible for forest decline in Central Europe. The macroscopic indicators of Norway spruce crown status, as well as branch structure transformation, were proposed to reconstruct the retrospective stress response of a tree to stress conditions over a 30-year period.(More)
Our study focuses on the ground vegetation dynamics and its dependence on microsite conditions in declined climax mountain Norway spruce forests during the recovery period (1995–2006) following upon the considerable decrease of SO2 pollution. We showed that ground vegetation development shifted from prevailing mosses and vegetation-free sites covered with(More)
During the 1990s the emissions of SO(2) fell dramatically by about 90% in the Czech Republic; the measured throughfall deposition of sulphur to a spruce forest at Nacetín in the Ore Mts. decreased from almost 50 kg ha(-1) in 1994 to 15 kg ha(-1) in 2005. The throughfall flux of Ca decreased from 17 kg ha(-1) in 1994 to 9 kg ha(-1) in 2005; no change was(More)