Pavel Boštík

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Serum samples from 22 hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS) patients were tested for Sin Nombre virus (SNV)-reactive antibodies. In the acute phase of HPS, 100% and 67% of the samples tested positive for SNV-specific immunoglobulin (Ig) M and IgA, respectively. Among the virus-specific IgG antibodies, the most prevalent were IgG3 (in 97% of samples), followed(More)
Naturally SIV-infected sooty mangabeys (SMs) remain asymptomatic despite high virus replication. Elucidating the mechanisms underlying AIDS resistance of SIV-infected SMs may provide crucial information to better understand AIDS pathogenesis. In this study, we assessed the determinants of set-point viremia in naturally SIV-infected SMs, i.e., immune control(More)
The ability of recombinant rhesus interleukin-12 (rMamu-IL-12) administration during acute simian immunodeficiency virus SIVmac251 infection to influence the quality of the antiviral immune responses was assessed in rhesus macaques. Group I (n = 4) was the virus-only control group. Group II and III received a conditioning regimen of rMamu-IL-12 (10 and 20(More)
Enveloped viruses including the simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) replicating within host cells acquire host proteins upon egress from the host cells. A number of studies have catalogued such host proteins, and a few have documented the potential positive and negative biological functions of such host proteins. The studies conducted herein utilized(More)
OBJECTIVE HIV infection in humans and experimental SIV infection in rhesus macaques leads to the loss of recall antigen responses, immunological anergy in CD4 T cells and AIDS. In contrast, natural infection in sooty mangabeys with SIV does not lead to disease despite high viral loads accompanied by resistance of their CD4 T cells to undergo immunological(More)
The expression of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) associated with AIDS-related cardiomypathies and cocaine abuse was examined in an in vitro coculture model. Human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs), HIV infected or uninfected, were placed in coculture with primary human cardiac microvascular endothelial cells (HMVEC-C) in the presence or absence(More)
Macrophages play an important role in the immune system. They also participate in multiple processes including angiogenesis and triggering of inflammation. The present study summarizes pieces of knowledge on the importance of macrophages in disease, especially the inflammation. Special attention is paid to the cholinergic anti-inflammatory pathway (CAP)(More)
Innate immune mechanisms play a deterministic role in the rate of disease progression during acute infection in HIV infected humans and SIV infection of non-human primates. The role NK cells play in mediating such an effect has thus gained importance. One of the major sets of molecules that regulate NK cell function are the killer cell immunoglobulin-like(More)
Using tetanus toxoid (TT) and influenza (Flu) immunization of rhesus macaques as a model, the effect of IL-2 and IL-15 on the generation and maintenance of antigen specific memory T cells was evaluated following primary and secondary immunization. Daily cytokine administration expanded primarily effector but not memory cells, while spacing cytokine(More)
CD4(+) T-cell dysfunction highlighted by defects within the intracellular signaling cascade and cell cycle has long been characterized as a direct and/or indirect consequence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in humans and simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) infection in rhesus macaques (RM). Dysregulation of the M phase of the cell cycle is a(More)