Pavel Šauer

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This prospective study compared PCR and culture techniques in the diagnosis of prosthetic joint infection (PJI). We obtained joint fluid samples (JFS; n=115) from patients who had failed total joint arthroplasty between January 2003 and June 2005; 49 were positive for PJI according to established strict criteria. JFS were analyzed by PCR (n=35; control(More)
A rather fast and complicated progression of an infection caused by some strains of Staphylococcus aureus could be associated with the expression and co-action of virulence factor complexes in these strains. This study screened the antibiotic susceptibility and prevalence of virulence markers in isolates of meticillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) obtained(More)
Pichia fabianii, a yeast rarely causing human infections, was isolated from the blood of a patient with aortic valve endocarditis. The isolates were initially identified biochemically as Candida pelliculosa, but based on direct sequencing of the ITS2 region of rRNA, they were subsequently reidentified as P. fabianii. Antifungal therapy with fluconazole and(More)
This study describes the first molecular characterisation of clinical isolates of vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) in the Czech Republic. Of 2647 patient isolates of Enterococcus spp. from 1997-2002, 121 (4.6%) were identified as VRE. The most common isolates were VanA+ Enterococcus faecium (78%) and VanB+ Enterococcus faecalis (10%). In addition,(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the occurrence of vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) in a community of the Czech Republic and a molecular-biological analysis of the VRE isolated. METHODS Enterococci were isolated from the rectal swabs of healthy people in the Olomouc region (population 300,000), Czech Republic in the period of January-December 2003. The(More)
Only little is known about normal oral bacterial flora in captive snakes containing Stenotrophomonas maltophilia. This microbe has been reported as a causative agent of numerous infections in reptiles. Therefore, the goal of the study was to detect its presence in the mouths of a significant number of healthy captive snakes and determining its(More)
Calculations of excitation tra~er rates among the chr,mmphores of C-phycocyanin using the F6rster inductive resonance transfer mechanism have been carried out using the new coordinates for the pesition and ovlentation of the dn-omophores (Schirmer, T., Bode, W. and Hubor, R. (1967) J. Mol. Biol. 196, 677-69b'). Several of the rate constants are(More)
This study focused on the prevalence and molecular biology of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-positive Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates collected in the Czech Republic. Clinical material from patients hospitalised in 16 Czech hospitals in September 2004 was used to isolate K. pneumoniae strains. Strains were identified by standard identification(More)
Between July 1, 2002 and December 31, 2003, rectal swabs from both hospitalized patients and community subjects in the Czech Republic were taken to ascertain the prevalence of vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE). The swabs were used for isolating and identifying enterococci and their susceptibility to antibiotics. Vancomycin resistance phenotypes were(More)
AIMS Staphylococcus aureus is an important pathogen characterised by its potential to express many virulence factors. Currently, special attention is being paid to methicillin-resistant strains of S. aureus (MRSA). The aim of this study was to compare the prevalence of 13 selected virulence factor genes in methicillin-resistant versus(More)