Pavel Čermák

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Various synthetic pathways of the 30 novel 2-substituted 5,7-di-tert-butylbenzoxazoles as new potential antimicrobial drugs are discussed. The 28 intermediates are described as well. The compounds were characterized by 1H and 13C NMR spectra, MS spectra, IR/UV spectra and by means of CHN analysis. The purity of the final compounds was checked by HPLC and(More)
The integration of an industry ready packaged Sb-based Vertical-External-Cavity Surface-Emitting-Laser (VECSEL) into a Cavity Ring Down Spectrometer (CRDS) is presented. The instrument operates in the important 2.3 μm atmospheric transparency window and provides a high sensitivity (minimum detectable absorption of 9 × 10(-11) cm(-1)) over a wide spectra(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Increased echogenicity of the substantia nigra is a typical transcranial sonography finding in Parkinson disease. Experimental software for digital analysis of the echogenic substantia nigra area has been developed. The aim of this study was to compare the evaluation of substantia nigra echogenicity by using digital analysis with a(More)
This study focused on the prevalence and molecular biology of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-positive Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates collected in the Czech Republic. Clinical material from patients hospitalised in 16 Czech hospitals in September 2004 was used to isolate K. pneumoniae strains. Strains were identified by standard identification(More)
BACKGROUND Hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP) is associated with high mortality. In Central Europe, there is a dearth of information on the prevalence and treatment of HAP. This project was aimed at collecting multicenter epidemiological data on patients with HAP in the Czech Republic and comparing them with supraregional data. METHODS This prospective,(More)
BACKGROUND There are no definitive data available concerning microbiologic safety of prolonged endoscope storage after reprocessing and disinfection. This study evaluated the durability of high-level disinfection of endoscopes stored in a dust-proof cabinet for 5 days. METHODS Three different types of endoscopes (upper endoscopes, duodenoscopes,(More)
The described system of safety assurance of cryopreserved allogeneic and xenogeneic dermoepidermal transplants comprises serological examination of deceased tissue donors, long-term storage of sera of all donors, microbiological control of prepared allogeneic and xenogeneic dermoepidermal grafts, labelling of released tissue grafts and monitoring of(More)
Each year, tuberculosis claims nearly 2 million lives, especially in developing countries. Laboratory diagnosis of mycobacteria remains to be based on conventional approaches such as staining, culture and proportional methods for testing drug susceptibility. In recent years, new molecular methods have been proposed for mycobacterial diagnosis. Whereas the(More)
A study performed at 12 hospitals in the Czech Republic in 2001 evaluated the Gram-negative bacterial pathogens most frequently associated with bloodstream infections and their susceptibility to a selection of antimicrobial agents. Of 831 Gram-negative strains, the most frequently isolated organisms were Escherichia coli (32%), Klebsiella pneumoniae (24%)(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate the dependence of Escherichia coli resistance to fluoroquinolones on their use in the outpatients and inpatients in the Hradec Kralove region of the Czech Republic. Data on inpatient fluoroquinolones use were obtained from the database of the Charles University Teaching Hospital Pharmacy and expressed as defined daily(More)