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No validated biomarkers exist for acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). We screened plasma with antibody microarrays for 120 proteins in a discovery set of 42 patients who underwent transplantation that revealed 8 potential biomarkers for diagnostic of GVHD. We then measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) the levels of these biomarkers in(More)
Chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD) is the most common late complication of allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) causing significant morbidity and mortality. The kidneys are not considered a target organ for cGVHD in humans, although animal models show renal damage. Renal involvement in patients with cGVHD, presenting as nephrotic(More)
Haemopoietic-cell transplantation (HCT) is an intensive therapy used to treat high-risk haematological malignant disorders and other life-threatening haematological and genetic diseases. The main complication of HCT is graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), an immunological disorder that affects many organ systems, including the gastrointestinal tract, liver,(More)
Graft-versus-leukemia (GVL) response after allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (BMT) represents one of the most potent forms of immunotherapy against malignant diseases. Antigen-presenting cells (APCs) are crucial for the induction of graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), the most serious complication of allogeneic BMT, but their role in GVL responses is(More)
While miRNAs are increasingly linked to various immune responses, whether they can be targeted for regulating in vivo inflammatory processes such as endotoxin-induced Gram-negative sepsis is not known. Production of cytokines by the dendritic cells (DCs) plays a critical role in response to endotoxin, lipopolysaccharide (LPS). We profiled the miRNA and mRNA(More)
There are no plasma biomarkers specific for GVHD of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, the GVHD target organ most associated with nonrelapse mortality (NRM) following hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT). Using an unbiased, large-scale, quantitative proteomic discovery approach to identify candidate biomarkers that were increased in plasma from HCT(More)
Host hematopoietically derived APCs play a vital role in the initiation of GVH responses. However, the APC autonomous molecular mechanisms that are critical for the induction of GVHD are not known. We report here that the Ikaros-Notch axis in host hematopoietically derived APCs regulates the severity of acute GVHD across multiple clinically relevant murine(More)
Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) induced by donor-derived T cells remains the major limitation of allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (allo-BMT). We previously reported that the pan-Notch inhibitor dominant-negative form of Mastermind-like 1 (DNMAML) markedly decreased the severity and mortality of acute GVHD mediated by CD4(+) T cells in mice. To(More)
Complications of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) remain barriers to its wider application for a variety of diseases. Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) is the major cause of morbidity and mortality following allogeneic HSCT. GVHD can be considered an exaggerated, undesirable manifestation of a normal inflammatory mechanism, in which(More)
The lower gastrointestinal tract (LGI) and liver are the GVHD target organs most associated with treatment failure and nonrelapse mortality. We recently identified regenerating islet-derived 3-α (REG3α) as a plasma biomarker of LGI GVHD. We compared REG3α with 2 previously reported GI and liver GVHD diagnostic biomarkers, hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) and(More)