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The risk of copyright violation of multimedia data has increased due to the enormous growth of computer networks that provides fast and error free transmission of any unauthorized duplicate and possibly manipulated copy of multimedia information. In order to be effective for copyright protection, digital watermark must be robust which are difficult to(More)
MEMS-based programmable oscillators have emerged as a promising alternative to crystal-based frequency references, with previously reported work demonstrating sub-ps integrated jitter [1]. Here we show frequency stability better than ±0.5ppm from-40 to 85°C, along with Allan Deviation (i.e., long term jitter) better than 0.005 ppm for 0.1, 1, and 10 second(More)
Visual Cryptography is a special type of encryption technique to obscure image-based secret information which can be decrypted by Human Visual System (HVS). It is a kind of secret-sharing scheme that encrypts the secret image into n number of shares. It is imperceptible to reveal the secret information unless a certain number of shares(k) or more are(More)
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