Paulraj Raja Singh

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Prostate cancer is responsible for major deaths globally after lung cancer. Nimbolide is an important constituent of neem, and it acts as a potent inhibitor for many cancer cells. The present study was designed to evaluate the effects of nimbolide on apoptosis and insulin-like growth factor (IGF) signalling molecules in androgen-independent prostate cancer(More)
OBJECTIVES Breast cancer is the most frequently diagnosed cancer and the leading cause of cancer death in women, worldwide. Urokinase type plasminogen activator (uPA) is a serine protease that is involved in cancer progression, especially invasion and metastasis of breast cancer. Nimbolide is a potent cytotoxic limnoid isolated from Azadirachta indica. Our(More)
BACKGROUND & AIM Prostate cancer is one of the frequently diagnosed cancers in men. Increased Growth factor IGF-1/IGF-1R axis activation mediated by both PI3K/Akt or RAF/MEK/ERK system and AR expression remains important in the development and progression of prostate cancer. Targeting such system by dietary agents quercetin in vivo model could aid its(More)
PURPOSE Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are persistent and bioaccumulative environmental toxicants acting as endocrine disruptors. Many researches evidenced that PCBs affect the male reproductive system in adult rats and it can transfer from mother to offspring through milk. We investigated whether the lactational exposure to PCBs affects the Sertoli cell(More)
Epidermal growth factor plays a major role in breast cancer cell proliferation, survival, and metastasis. Quercetin, a bioactive flavonoid, is shown to exhibit anticarcinogenic effects against various cancers including breast cancer. Hence, the present study was designed to evaluate the effects of gold nanoparticles-conjugated quercetin (AuNPs-Qu-5) in(More)
Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are environmental contaminants. The present study was aimed to test the effect of lactational exposure of PCBs on Leydig cellular mRNA and protein expressions of 5α-reductase, aromatase and androgen receptor (AR) in F1 male offspring. Lactating dams were orally gavaged with different doses of PCBs (Aroclor 1254) 0, 1, 2 and(More)
OBJECTIVES Epidermal growth factor plays a critical role in breast malignancies by enhancing cell proliferation, invasion, angiogenesis and metastasis. Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a crucial process by which epithelial cells lose polarity and acquire migratory mesenchymal properties. Gold nanoparticles are an efficient drug delivery vehicle(More)
Epidermal growth factor (EGF) plays an important role in metastasis and tumorigenesis of prostate cancer. Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a process in tumor progression during which cancer cells undergo dramatic changes acquiring highly invasive properties. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of quercetin on EGF-induced EMT in(More)
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