Paulo da Silva Belmonte-de-Abreu

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IMPORTANCE The treatment of schizophrenia remains a challenge, and the currently available antipsychotic drugs are slow acting and produce a number of adverse effects. OBJECTIVE To examine the effectiveness and safety of a single intravenous administration of sodium nitroprusside (0.5 μg/kg/min for 4 hours) on the positive, negative, anxiety, and(More)
S100B protein, a calcium binding protein produced and released by glial cells, has been used as a sensitive marker of brain damage. Previous studies have found alterations in peripheral S100B levels in schizophrenic patients on medication. We compared serum S100B levels of 20 medication-free DSM-IV schizophrenic patients and 20 age-gender matched healthy(More)
The present study investigates possible associations between the 5-HTT control region polymorphism (5-HTTLPR) with adult ADHD, including subtypes, severity, temperament profile and comorbidities. The polymorphic site was genotyped in 312 adult patients with ADHD and 236 controls, all of them Brazilians of European descent. The interviews followed the DSM-IV(More)
OBJECTIVE The prevalence of smoking is significantly increased among adults with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), and this association has a significant impact in both disorders, ascribed to either self-medication or behavioral disinhibition hypotheses. However, little is known about clinical variables associated with cigarette smoking among(More)
Brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) has been associated with the pathophysiology of schizophrenia (SCZ). However, it remains unclear whether alterations in BDNF observed in patients with SCZ are a core part of disease neurobiology or a consequence of treatment. In this manuscript we review existing knowledge relating the function of BDNF to synaptic(More)
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) affects approximately 5 % of school-aged children and 2.5 % of adults. Genetic studies in ADHD have pointed to genes in different neurobiological systems, with relatively small individual effects. The mineralocorticoid receptor is the main receptor involved in the initial triggering of stress response.(More)
Schizophrenia is a complex and heterogeneous psychiatric disorder. Auditory verbal hallucinations occur in 50-70% of patients with schizophrenia and are associated with significant distress, decreased quality of life and impaired social functioning. This study aimed to investigate the effects of active compared with sham 1-Hz repetitive transcranial(More)
In the p50 suppression paradigm, when two auditory stimuli are presented 500 ms apart, the amplitude of the second response (S2), compared with the first (S1), is markedly attenuated in healthy subjects. This is an index of sensory gating. Most schizophrenic patients fail to inhibit the p50 response to the second stimulus, which is assumed to reflect an(More)
Adenosine has been proposed to contribute to the pathophysiology of schizoprenia and as a target for therapeutic intervention. In the lack of direct adenosine agonists, allopurinol may indirectly elevate adenosine levels by inhibiting degradation of purines. We report two cases of poorly responsive schizophrenic patients who improved considerably with(More)
To identify a classifier in schizophrenia, blood gene expression profiling was applied to patients with schizophrenia under different treatments and to controls. Expression of six genes discriminated patients with sensitivity of 89.3% and specificity of 90%, supporting the use of peripheral blood as biological material for diagnosis in schizophrenia.