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Hypertension is a cardiovascular risk factor present in over two-thirds of people over age 60 in North America; elevated blood pressure correlates with increased risk of heart attack, stroke and progression to heart and kidney failure. Current therapies are insufficient to control blood pressure in almost half of these patients. The mineralocorticoid(More)
Cerebral parenchymal arterioles (PA) regulate blood flow between pial arteries on the surface of the brain and the deeper microcirculation. Regulation of PA contractility differs from that of pial arteries and is not completely understood. Here, we investigated the hypothesis that the Ca(2+) permeable vanilloid transient receptor potential (TRPV) channel(More)
Intracerebral parenchymal arterioles (PAs), which include parenchymal arterioles, penetrating arterioles and pre-capillary arterioles, are high resistance blood vessels branching out from pial arteries and arterioles and diving into the brain parenchyma. Individual PA perfuse a discrete cylindrical territory of the parenchyma and the neurons contained(More)
Maintenance of brain function depends on a constant blood supply. Deficits in cerebral blood flow are linked to cognitive decline, and they have detrimental effects on the outcome of ischemia. Hypertension causes alterations in cerebral artery structure and function that can impair blood flow, particularly during an ischemic insult or during periods of low(More)
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