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Global homogenization of biota is underway through worldwide introduction and establishment of non-indigenous (exotic) species. Organisms fouling ship hulls are continually in transit and can affect communities through biodiversity loss and serious damage to economy and public health. In the Azores, for the first time, underwater alien species prospection(More)
—For conventional cyclic-prefix (CP)-assisted block transmission systems, the CP length is selected on the basis of the expected maximum delay spread. With regard to single-carrier (SC)-based block transmission implementations, a full-length CP is recommendable, since it allows good performances through the use of simple frequency-domain equalization (FDE)(More)
—For conventional cyclic prefix (CP)-assisted single-carrier/frequency-domain equalization (SC/FDE) implementations , as well as for orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing (OFDM) implementations, the CP length is known to be selected on the basis of the expected maximum delay spread. Next, the data block size can be chosen to be large enough to minimize(More)
— This paper deals with Single Carrier (SC)/Frequency Domain Equalization (FDE) within a MultiUser (MU)-Multi-Input Multi-Output (MIMO) system where a large number of Base Station (BS) antennas is adopted. In this context, either linear or reduced-complexity iterative Decision-Feedback (DF) detection techniques are considered. Regarding performance(More)
Ever-increasing demand for reduction of the undesirable emissions from the internal combustion engines propels broader effort in auto industry to design more fuel efficient engines. One of the major focuses is the reduction of engine mechanical losses, to which the friction of the piston skirt is one important contributor. Yet there lacks a sufficient(More)
receiver antennas is assumed to be large, but not necessarily much larger than the overall number of transmitter antennas jointly using the same time/frequency resource at Mobile Terminals (MT). In this context, we consider several detection techniques and evaluate, in detail, the corresponding detection performances (discussed with the help of selected(More)