Paulo Pontiggia

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Using ultrastructural analysis, we studied the effects of hyperthermic treatment of one case of human liver metastasis from colon carcinoma. The results indicate that the main hyperthermic response involves the neoplastic and the histiocytic cell population. The drastic decrease in metastatic cells was accompanied by the appearance of cell fragments and(More)
Hypoxia is thought to be a major cause of failure in cancer treatment. In this paper, we report methods transposable to clinical practice, for identifying hypoxic tumour cells. They consist of histochemical tests for revealing lactate dehydrogenase activity, endogenous lactate and accumulation of neutral fat. An ascites tumour (Yoshida hepatoma) and a solid(More)
BACKGROUND It has been reported that in HIV infected patients enhanced production of IL-4 and IL-10 in response to stimulation of peripheral blood lymphocytes with phytohemagglutinin is associated with disease progression. Some have proposed that a switch from a cytokine profile associated with CD4+ Th1 predominance (IL-2, IFN-G, TNF-B) to Th2 predominance(More)
Recently we described the "macrophagic lysosomal exocytosis" (MLE) as a possible new mode of cancer cell death induced by hyperthermia (HT) [1]. In order to confirm this first report, HT was applied at the peritoneum level with perfusional procedure, after catheter insertion under local anesthesia. We evaluated the subcellular changes of peritoneal(More)
Simultaneous administration of zidovudine, acriflavine and celliptium to Friend virus-injected mice eradicates the virus, as evidenced by the impossibility of the treated-mouse serum, when injected to virgin recipients, to induce spleen foci formation. An adapted preliminary protocol given to patients in whose p 24 antigen was present in the blood, lead to(More)
We have individually treated ten AIDS patients whose CD4 numbers were inferior to 200/mm3, with the five following HIV1 virostatics: a) azido-deoxythymidine (AZT), dideoxyinosine (ddI) and dideoxycytidine (ddC), which affect the same viral target, retrotranscriptase, b) acriflavine (ACF) and methyl-hydroxy-ellipticine (MHE) which we have discovered to be(More)
We have analyzed by morphological (TEM) and histochemical (TUNEL reaction) criteria the type of cell death occurring in one case of human multiple myeloma after hyperthermia. Samples of cells examined immediately at the end of two treatments with a 15-day interval showed a significant degeneration, mostly demonstrating features of apoptosis (cell shrinkage,(More)
Two virostatics which we discovered in 1990, acriflavine (ACF) and hydroxy-methyl-ellipticine (HEL) and shown active on HIV1 resistant to AZT have been introduced into combinations of four virostatics selected among ten available: themselves, plus zidovudine, zalcitabine, didanosine, lamivudine, stavudine, saquinavir, ritonavir, indinavir, the combinations(More)
The aim of this paper is to update with personal contributions the progress thus far accomplished in the clinical application of hyperthermia (HT) in cancer and chronic infectious diseases. The HT treatment has been successfully developed since the 1970s in cancer patients in whom it showed positive results consisting of complete or partial clinical(More)