Paulo Ottino

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PURPOSE To determine whether the gene expression of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) as well as that of the pro-angiogenic cytokine vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and its receptors change in response to hypoxic exposure in a primate choroid-retinal endothelial cell line, and furthermore, whether cytosolic phospholipase A2 (cPLA2) plays a role in(More)
PURPOSE Platelet-activating factor (PAF) is a potent proinflammatory mediator that accumulates in the cornea after injury and induces the expression of genes related to inflammation and wound healing. The current study was conducted to investigate the direct effect of PAF on corneal neovascularization and on the expression of angiogenic growth factors in(More)
Platelet-activating factor (PAF) is a potent bioactive lipid that is generated in the cornea after injury and whose actions are mediated through specific receptors. Studies from our laboratory have shown that PAF interactions with its receptor activate several transmembrane signals involved in inflammation, wound healing, and apoptosis. The wide variety of(More)
PURPOSE Corneal stromal myofibroblasts express the platelet-activating factor (PAF) receptor, but its role is unclear. In the present study, the effect of PAF on induction of metalloproteinases (MMPs) was investigated. METHODS Rabbit corneal myofibroblasts were identified by immunodetection of alpha-smooth muscle (alpha-SM)-actin. MT1-MMP, MMP-2, MMP-9,(More)
The response of the inducible isoform of the prostaglandin H2 synthase (COX-2) and the c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) in post-ischemic neuronal damage was assessed in a model of ischemic tolerance in Mongolian Gerbils. After a single 6-min bilateral carotid occlusion, histological damage was evident in the CA1 region of hippocampus, correlated with a high(More)
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