Paulo J. Gomes

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The effects of UV synchrotron radiation on deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) cast films have been systematically investigated by vacuum ultraviolet and infrared spectrophotometry as a function of irradiation time. Cast DNA films exposed at 140 nm (8.85 eV) for different irradiations times, revealed consistent changes in their VUV spectra which indicate a decrease(More)
This work stresses on damage at the molecular level caused by ultraviolet radiation (UV) in the range from 3.5 to 8 eV, deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) films observed by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). Detailed quantitative XPS analysis, in which all the amounts are relative to sodium-assumed not to be released from the samples, of the carbon, oxygen,(More)
Roughness of a positively charged poly(allylamine hydrochloride) (PAH) polyelectrolyte surface was shown to strongly influence the adsorption of 1.2-dipalmitoyl-sn-3-glycero-[phosphorrac-(1-glycerol)] (DPPG) liposomes on it. The adsorption kinetic curves of DPPG liposomes onto a low-roughness PAH layer reveal an adsorbed amount of 5 mg/m², pointing to(More)
The spectroscopic characterization of layer-by-layer (LbL) films containing liposomes is essential not only for determining the precise film architecture but also to guide the design of drug delivery systems. In this study we provide the first report of vacuum ultraviolet spectroscopy (VUV) characterization of LbL films made with liposomes from(More)
Electrostatic and hydrophobic interactions govern most of the properties of supramolecular systems, which is the reason determining the degree of ionization of macromolecules has become crucial for many applications. In this paper, we show that high-resolution ultraviolet spectroscopy (VUV) can be used to determine the degree of ionization and its effect on(More)
Electrostatic interactions govern most properties of polyelectrolyte films, as in the photoinduced birefringence of azo-containing polymers. In this paper we report a systematic investigation of optical storage characteristics of cast and layer-by-layer (LbL) films of poly[1 -[4-(3-carboxy-4 hydroxyphenylazo) benzene sulfonamido]-1,2-ethanediyl, sodium(More)
This work presents a continuous process for producing hydroxyapatite nanoparticles (NanoXIM) in a network reactor, NETmix, fed by a calcium solution, a phosphorus solution and an alkaline solution. Hydroxyapatite is considered a biomaterial, used as: food additives and nutritional supplements; bone graft for bone replacement, growth and repair; biocements(More)
The resilience of cells to ultraviolet (UV) irradiation is probably associated with the effects induced in biological molecules such as DNA and in the cell membrane. In this study, we investigated UV damage to the anionic 1.2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycero-3-[phospho-rac-(1-glycerol)] (sodium salt) (DPPG) phospholipid, which is an important component of cell(More)
The use of melanin in bioinspired applications is mostly limited by its poor stability in solid films. This problem has been addressed here by incorporating melanin into dipalmitoyl phosphatidyl glycerol (DPPG) liposomes, which were then immobilized onto a solid substrate as an LbL film. Results from steady-state and time-resolved fluorescence indicated an(More)
PURPOSE To understand the degradation processes and role of secondary species on deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)-damaged fragments as a result of irradiation with energetic ions. MATERIALS AND METHODS Damage caused to DNA thin films as a result of exposure to 4 keV carbon ions beam was accessed by analyzing the infrared spectra, obtained in situ for different(More)