Paulo I. F. Almeida

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The technique of fluorescence recovery after photobleaching is used to perform an extensive study of the lateral diffusion of a phospholipid probe in the binary mixture dimyristoylphosphatidylcholine/cholesterol, above the melting temperature of the phospholipid. In the regions of the phase diagram where a single liquid phase exists, diffusion can be(More)
Fluorescence recovery after photobleaching (FRAP) has recently been used to examine the percolation properties of coexisting phases in two-component, two-phase phosphatidylcholine bilayers [Vaz, W. L. C., Melo, E. C. C., & Thompson, T. E. (1989) Biophys. J. 56, 869-876]. We now report the use of FRAP to study two additional problems in similar systems. The(More)
We have recently proposed a phase diagram for mixtures of porcine brain sphingomyelin (BSM), cholesterol (Chol), and 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-phosphatidylcholine (POPC) on the basis of kinetics of carboxyfluorescein efflux induced by the amphipathic peptide delta-lysin. Although that study indicated the existence of domains, phase separations in the micrometer(More)
The kinetics of carboxyfluorescein efflux induced by the amphipathic peptide delta-lysin from vesicles of porcine brain sphingomyelin (BSM), 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-phosphatidylcholine (POPC), and cholesterol (Chol) were investigated as a function of temperature and composition. Sphingomyelin (SM)/Chol mixtures form a liquid-ordered (L(o)) phase whereas POPC(More)
The lateral diffusion of a phospholipid probe is studied in bilayers of binary mixtures of dimyristoylphosphatidylcholine (DMPC)/cholesterol and distearoylphosphatidylcholine (DSPC)/cholesterol and in the ternary system DMPC/DSPC/cholesterol using fluorescence recovery after photobleaching. An approximate phase diagram for the ternary system, as a function(More)
Delta-lysin is a 26 amino acid, hemolytic peptide toxin secreted by Staphylococcus aureus. It has been reported to form an amphipathic helix upon binding to lipid bilayers and is often cited as a typical example of the barrel-stave model for pore formation in lipid bilayer membranes. However, the exact mechanism by which it lyses cells and the physical(More)
Saccharomyces cerevisiae plasma membrane H(+)-ATPase activity was stimulated during octanoic acid-induced latency, reaching maximal values at the early stages of exponential growth. The time-dependent pattern of ATPase activation correlated with the decrease of cytosolic pH (pHi). The cell population used as inoculum exhibited a significant heterogeneity of(More)
Delta-lysin is a linear, 26-residue peptide that adopts an alpha-helical, amphipathic structure upon binding to membranes. Delta-lysin preferentially binds to mammalian cell membranes, the outer leaflets of which are enriched in sphingomyelin, cholesterol, and unsaturated phosphatidylcholine. Mixtures including these lipids have been shown to exhibit(More)
The mechanisms of six different antimicrobial, cytolytic, and cell-penetrating peptides, including some of their variants, are discussed and compared. The specificity of these polypeptides varies; however, they all form amphipathic alpha-helices when bound to membranes, and there are no striking differences in their sequences. We have examined the(More)