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The technique of fluorescence recovery after photobleaching is used to perform an extensive study of the lateral diffusion of a phospholipid probe in the binary mixture dimyristoylphosphatidylcholine/cholesterol, above the melting temperature of the phospholipid. In the regions of the phase diagram where a single liquid phase exists, diffusion can be(More)
Fluorescence recovery after photobleaching (FRAP) has recently been used to examine the percolation properties of coexisting phases in two-component, two-phase phosphatidylcholine bilayers [Vaz, W. L. C., Melo, E. C. C., & Thompson, T. E. (1989) Biophys. J. 56, 869-876]. We now report the use of FRAP to study two additional problems in similar systems. The(More)
The lateral diffusion of a phospholipid probe is studied in bilayers of binary mixtures of dimyristoylphosphatidylcholine (DMPC)/cholesterol and distearoylphosphatidylcholine (DSPC)/cholesterol and in the ternary system DMPC/DSPC/cholesterol using fluorescence recovery after photobleaching. An approximate phase diagram for the ternary system, as a function(More)
Delta-lysin is a 26-residue, amphipathic, alpha-helical peptide of bacterial origin. Its specificity is to some extent complementary to that of antimicrobial peptides. Therefore, understanding its mechanism is important for the more general goal of understanding the interaction of amphipathic peptides with membranes. In this article, we show that(More)
The mechanisms of six different antimicrobial, cytolytic, and cell-penetrating peptides, including some of their variants, are discussed and compared. The specificity of these polypeptides varies; however, they all form amphipathic alpha-helices when bound to membranes, and there are no striking differences in their sequences. We have examined the(More)
The kinetics of carboxyfluorescein efflux induced by the amphipathic peptide delta-lysin from vesicles of porcine brain sphingomyelin (BSM), 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-phosphatidylcholine (POPC), and cholesterol (Chol) were investigated as a function of temperature and composition. Sphingomyelin (SM)/Chol mixtures form a liquid-ordered (L(o)) phase whereas POPC(More)
We previously proposed three hypotheses relating the mechanism of antimicrobial and cytolytic peptides in model membranes to the Gibbs free energies of binding and insertion into the membrane [Almeida, P. F., and Pokorny, A. (2009) Biochemistry 48, 8083-8093]. Two sets of peptides were designed to test those hypotheses, by mutating of the sequences of(More)
We report a first test of the hypothesis that the mechanism of antimicrobial, cytolytic, and amphipathic cell-penetrating peptides in model membranes is determined by the thermodynamics of insertion of the peptide into the lipid bilayer from the surface-associated state. Three peptides were designed with minimal mutations relative to the sequence of TP10W,(More)
Saccharomyces cerevisiae plasma membrane H(+)-ATPase activity was stimulated during octanoic acid-induced latency, reaching maximal values at the early stages of exponential growth. The time-dependent pattern of ATPase activation correlated with the decrease of cytosolic pH (pHi). The cell population used as inoculum exhibited a significant heterogeneity of(More)