Paulo H. G. Zarbin

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Stink bugs are major pests of a wide variety of agricultural crops worldwide. The species Pellaea stictica is a Neotropical stink bug found in several South American countries. Chromatographic analyses of volatiles released by adults of this species showed that males produce a sex-specific compound, and bioassays with a Y-tube olfactometer showed that the(More)
Edessa meditabunda is a secondary pest within the piercing-sucking stink bug complex that attacks soybean crops in Brazil. The behavioral responses of males and females to aeration extracts from conspecifics suggested the presence of a male-produced sex pheromone. Gas chromatographic (GC) analysis of male and female aeration extracts revealed the presence(More)
We determined the site of pheromone production tissues and a partial route for the biosynthesis of the sex pheromone in Hedypathes betulinus (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae: Lamiinae), Brazil’s main green maté pest. Pheromone was found predominantly in the prothorax of males, suggesting that this is the region of production of pheromones in this insect. Scanning(More)
Agroecus griseus is a serious corn pest in Brazil. Contents of the dorsal abdominal glands (DAGs) in nymphs, and the metathoracic gland (MTG) in adults of this species were characterized and quantified. Compounds found were similar to those of other Pentatomidae species and included aliphatic hydrocarbons, aldehydes, oxo-alkenals, and esters. However, two(More)
Plants respond to herbivory by synthesizing and releasing novel blends of volatile organic compounds (VOCs). Natural enemies are attracted to these VOCs, but little is known about the effects of these chemicals on the herbivores themselves. We studied the effect of Thaumastocoris peregrinus herbivory on VOCs released by Eucalyptus benthamii plants and the(More)
Analyses of the headspace volatiles produced by males and females of Sternechus subsignatus Boheman (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) revealed seven male-specific compounds. The major component was (E)-2-(3,3-dimethylcyclohexylidene)-ethanol, and the minor components were 1-(2′-hydroxyethyl)-1-methyl-2-isopropenylcyclobutane (grandisol),(More)
Upon herbivory, plants activate complex biochemical pathways that result in an array of defense responses including the emission of a novel blend of volatile organic compounds (VOCs). These compounds mediate the recruitment of predators and parasitoids that exert biological control of the attacking herbivore. Genetic manipulation of a particular trait to(More)
The composition of stink bug allomones is similar for most species and includes hydrocarbons, as well as saturated and unsaturated aldehydes and esters. Analysis of extracts of the metathoracic glands of seven pentatomid species from different genera by gas chromatography/Fourier transform-infrared (GC/FT-IR) showed that the compound previously thought to(More)
Phthia picta is part of a complex of true bugs (Heteroptera) in Brazil that attack tomatoes, being particularly damaging because nymphs and adults feed on both leaves and fruit. Gas chromatography (GC) of aeration extracts of adult males vs. females revealed the presence of a male-specific compound. GC-electroantennographic detector experiments indicated(More)
Carrion beetles are part of the great diversity of insects collected on cadavers. In Brazil, beetles of the genus Oxelytrum have great forensic importance in post mortem interval (PMI) estimation. We investigated the system of chemical communication in the attraction of these necrophagous beetles. Gas chromatographic analysis (GC) of female and male(More)