Paulo H. G. Zarbin

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Plants respond to herbivory by synthesizing and releasing novel blends of volatile organic compounds (VOCs). Natural enemies are attracted to these VOCs, but little is known about the effects of these chemicals on the herbivores themselves. We studied the effect of Thaumastocoris peregrinus herbivory on VOCs released by Eucalyptus benthamii plants and the(More)
We identified, synthesized, determined the diel periodicity of release, and tested the bioactivity of components of the male-produced sex pheromone of Hedypathes betulinus (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae: Lamiinae). Gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric analysis of headspace volatiles from adult beetles showed three male-specific compounds, which were identified(More)
Comparative gas chromatographic analyses of airborne volatiles produced by males and females of the sugarcane weevil Sphenophorus levis, showed one male-specific compound. Gas chromatography–mass spectrometry data indicated an aliphatic alcohol that was identified as 2-methyl-4-octanol. Both optical isomers were synthesized in five steps by employing(More)
The red flour beetle Tribolium castaneum and the confused beetle Tribolium confusum are notorious pests of various stored foodstuffs which particularly consume the small fragments of cereal seeds and related products. In 1980 Suzuki identified and then synthesized the aggregation pheromone common to both species of Tribolium, the 4,8-dimethyldecanal (1). In(More)
The enantioselective syntheses of two stereoisomers, (2R,6S,10S) and (2S,6S,10S), of methyl 2,6,10-trimethyldodecanote, out of eight possible isomers, are described , employing the stereoselective hydroboration of (-)-isopulegol (2) and (+)-neo-isopulegol (2a) as the key reaction.
(9Z,11E)-hexadecadienal and (Z11)-hexadecenal, the main sex pheromone components of the sugarcane borer, Diatraea saccharalis, were identified and quantified from four Brazilian and one Colombian populations using GC-EAD, GC-MS and GC analyses. Three different ratios were observed, 9:1, 6:1, and 3:1. The pheromone concentration for the major component,(More)
Analyses of the headspace volatiles produced by males and females of Sternechus subsignatus Boheman (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) revealed seven male-specific compounds. The major component was (E)-2-(3,3-dimethylcyclohexylidene)-ethanol, and the minor components were 1-(2′-hydroxyethyl)-1-methyl-2-isopropenylcyclobutane (grandisol),(More)
Comparative GC/MS analysis of airborne volatiles produced by males and females of the guava weevil Conotrachelus psidii (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Molytinae) showed the presence of a malespecific electroantennographically active compound identified as (1R,2S,6R)-2-hydroxymethyl-2,6dimethyl-3-oxabicyclo[4.2.0]octane (papayanol). Release of this compound was(More)
Plants express inducible direct and indirect defenses in response to herbivory. The plant hormone jasmonic acid (JA) and related signaling compounds referred to as jasmonates play a central role in regulating defense responses to a wide range of herbivores.We assessed whether treating tomato seeds with 0.8 mM of methyl jasmonate (MeJA) affected the(More)