Paulo Flavio Silveira

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The objective of this study was to investigate the catalytic activity of basic aminopeptidase (APB) and its association with periarticular edema and circulating tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha and type II collagen (CII) antibodies (AACII) in a rat model of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) induced by CII (CIA). Edema does not occur in part of CII-treated, even(More)
Protein (western blotting) and gene (PCR) expressions, catalytic activity of puromycin-insensitive membrane-bound neutral aminopeptidase (APM/CD13) and in situ regional distribution of CD13 and FOS immunoreactivity (ir) were evaluated in the hypothalamus of monosodium glutamate obese (MSG) and/or food deprived (FD) rats in order to investigate their(More)
Analysis of the effects of cyclosporine A (25-28 mgkg(-1)) and/or methotrexate (0.1 mgkg(-1)) treatments on dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPPIV) and prolyl oligopeptidase (POP) activities and on algesic response in two distinct status of murine macrophages (Mphis) was undertaken. In resident Mphis, DPPIV and POP were affected by neither individual nor combined(More)
The distribution of corticotropin-releasing hormone in the brain of the snake Bothrops jararaca was studied immunohistochemically. Immunoreactive neurons were detected in telencephalic, diencephalic and mesencephalic areas such as dorsal cortex, subfornical organ, paraventricular nucleus, recessus infundibular nucleus, nucleus of the oculomotor nerve and(More)
The distribution of galanin-like immunoreactive perikarya and nerve fibers in the brain of the snake Bothrops jararaca was studied by means of immunohistochemistry using an antiserum against porcine galanin. Immunoreactive neurons were only detected in the infundibular recess nucleus. Immunoreactive fibers were found in the telencephalic, diencephalic and(More)
BACKGROUND Acute renal failure is one of the most serious complications of envenoming resulting from Crotalus durissus terrificus bites. This study evaluated the relevance of hyperuricemia and oxidative stress and the effects of allopurinol and probenecid in renal dysfunction caused by direct nephrotoxicity of C. d. terrificus venom. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL(More)
Enzymatic cleavage of some peptide hormones, neurotransmitters and neuromodulators could be implicated in the regulation of extra- and intracellular fluid volume and osmolality. Prolyl endopeptidase is known to hydrolyze several peptides, which act on hydromineral balance, such as angiotensins, bradykinin, vasopressin, oxytocin, thyrotropin-releasing(More)
This study aimed to check the involvement of lipid mediator leukotriene (LT) B4 and the activity of LTA4 hydrolase (LTA4H) in the development of arthritis induced in rats by collagen and adjuvant (CIA). High-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and enzyme immunoassay (EIA) were used for measurements of LTB4 and LTA4H in plasma, synovial fluid (SF),(More)
This study evaluated the hypothesis that neutral (APN) and dipeptidyl-IV (DPPIV) aminopeptidase activity levels would be critical for the susceptibility to arthritis in collagen-induced model (CIA). The macroscopic signs of arthritis in CIA rats were checked and peripheral blood, synovial fluid and synovial tissue from knee joint were withdrawn. Soluble(More)
Enzymatic cleavage of some peptides could be included among the mechanisms of water-electrolyte homeostasis. To test this hypothesis, the angiotensin-converting activity (ACE) of plasma and the L-cystine-di-beta-naphthylamidase activity (CAP) of plasma and of soluble and particulate fractions from different areas of the central nervous system (CNS) were(More)