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The bradykinin-potentiating peptides from Bothrops jararaca venom are the most potent natural inhibitors of the angiotensin-converting enzyme. The biochemical and biological features of these peptides were crucial to demonstrate the pivotal role of the angiotensin-converting enzyme in blood pressure regulation. In the present study, seven(More)
Proline-specific dipeptidyl peptidases are emerging as a protease family with important roles in the regulation of signaling by peptide hormones related to energy balance. The treatment of neonatal rats with monosodium glutamate (MSG) is known to produce a selective damage on the arcuate nucleus with development of obesity. This study investigates the(More)
Peaks corresponding to arg-vasotocin obtained by HPLC from Sep-Pak C18 column extracts of Bothrops jararaca plasma were identified by radioimmunoassay and amino acid analysis. Plasma vasotocin and protein levels, osmolality, and L-cystine-di-beta-naphthylamidase were also compared in snakes under normal hydration conditions with or without chronic(More)
Plasma protein, osmolality and L-cystine-di-beta-naphthylamidase activity were measured in Bothrops jararaca snakes submitted to normal hydration, water deprivation, water loading, salt loading or argvasotocin injections. Protein and osmolality were similar for male and female snakes in all treatments. Protein content was similar in all treatments,(More)
The activity of soluble and membrane-bound pyroglutamyl aminopeptidase Type-1 (PAP I) was evaluated in the hypothalamus, hippocampus, thalamus, brain cortex, and pituitary gland of rats after applying certain hydromineral challenges. Compared to euhydrated rats, decreased enzyme activity was found in the hypophysis of rats deprived of water for 48 h, or(More)
Acid (aspartyl), basic (arginyl) and neutral (alanyl) aminopeptidases degrade angiotensins, vasopressin, oxytocin, bradykinin and enkephalins. These peptides regulate memory, energy homeostasis, water-salt balance and blood pressure, functions that are mainly exerted in the hippocampus and hypothalamus, and that can be affected by diabetes mellitus. To(More)
Macrophages are considered the main effector cells of immune system. Under stimulation these cells are known to be activated by a process involving morphological, biochemical and functional changes. Since altered peptidase activities could be among the factors leading to the differentiation and activation of these cells, in the present work seven(More)
Enzymatic cleavage of some peptides in the local environment could be included among the mechanisms related to the regulation of hydrosaline balance. In order to examine this hypothesis, we measured representative aminopeptidase activities in visceral organs of rats after applying certain hydrosaline challenges. Decreased levels (about 30%) of particulate(More)
Cyclosporin, an immunosuppressive drug, is known to affect macrophage and to exert a nephrotoxic effect. Aminopeptidases play important roles for renal and macrophage functions. In this work, we attempt to test the hypothesis that the aminopeptidases participate within macrophage and renal effects induced by cyclosporin. Macrophage and renal aminopeptidase(More)
The objective of this study was to investigate the catalytic activity of basic aminopeptidase (APB) and its association with periarticular edema and circulating tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha and type II collagen (CII) antibodies (AACII) in a rat model of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) induced by CII (CIA). Edema does not occur in part of CII-treated, even(More)