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Despite a widespread trend towards the adoption of increasingly participatory approaches to political decision-making in developing countries there is little or no evidence that these practices in fact return the benefits attributed to them. We present an empirical investigation into one specific worry—that participatory decision processes may be vulnerable(More)
Glutamate receptor phosphorylation has been implicated in several forms of modulation of synaptic transmission. It has been reported that protein kinase A (PKA) can phosphorylate the alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionate (AMPA) receptor subunit GluR4 on Ser842, both in vitro and in vivo. Here, we studied the regulation of GluR4(More)
This paper investigates the fairness problem in all-optical networks without wavelength conversion under dynamic traffic loads. We propose a new classification strategy to mitigate the fairness problem called Fair-Fit. Our strategy is based on previous simulation studies that are carried out off-line. In addition, we introduce an equation that allows one to(More)
In this paper it is proposed a new wavelength converter placement scheme called First Load Priority FLP, useful for designing and planning of optical networks with sparsepartial wavelength conversion architecture. A performance evaluation of FLP working in different scenarios is provided. Comparing to other wavelength converter placement schemes like MBPF,(More)
This paper describes and evaluates the performance of three dedicated path protection schemes (two step, two step with backtracking and one step) for all-optical networks, operating with full conversion and the main wavelength assignment algorithms (random, first-fit and most used) under different network topologies. Further, this work evaluates the impact(More)
In this paper, we propose a new wavelength converter placement scheme called Adaptive First Load Priority, useful for designing and planning of optical networks with sparse-partial wavelength conversion architecture. The adaptive FLP is an extension of the FLP (First Load Priority) placement scheme proposed by authors in a previous work [13]. Initially, we(More)
The goal of economic development is to increase growth and eliminate poverty. Recently, the goal has been broadened to include promoting participatory governance. Arguably, participation— such as in community water committees, neighborhood organizations, and school associations— produces two desirable outcomes. One is democracy itself; the other, less(More)
We propose a framework for the development of next generation e-health systems and services. It results from the joint work of diverse research groups with 20 to 25 years of experience in their respective fields (e.g., business process management, medical informatics, business intelligence), and it articulates five elements: the mining of care workflows;(More)
In this paper it is proposed a new wavelength converter placement scheme called Adaptive First Load Priority, useful for designing and planning of optical networks with sparsepartial wavelength conversion architecture. The adaptive FLP is an extension of the FLP (First Load Priority) placement scheme proposed by authors in a previous work [11]. It was(More)