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Despite a widespread trend towards the adoption of increasingly participatory approaches to political decision-making in developing countries there is little or no evidence that these practices in fact return the benefits attributed to them. We present an empirical investigation into one specific worry—that participatory decision processes may be vulnerable(More)
Glutamate receptor phosphorylation has been implicated in several forms of modulation of synaptic transmission. It has been reported that protein kinase A (PKA) can phosphorylate the alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionate (AMPA) receptor subunit GluR4 on Ser842, both in vitro and in vivo. Here, we studied the regulation of GluR4(More)
This paper describes and evaluates the performance of three dedicated path protection schemes (two step, two step with backtracking and one step) for all-optical networks, operating with full conversion and the main wavelength assignment algorithms (random, first-fit and most used) under different network topologies. Further, this work evaluates the impact(More)
In this paper, we propose a new wavelength converter placement scheme called Adaptive First Load Priority, useful for designing and planning of optical networks with sparse-partial wavelength conversion architecture. The adaptive FLP is an extension of the FLP (First Load Priority) placement scheme proposed by authors in a previous work [13]. Initially, we(More)
1 Abstract The electronic storage of medical patient data is becoming a daily experience in most of the practices and hospitals worldwide. However, much of the available data is in free text form, a convenient way of expressing concepts and events but especially challenging if one wants to perform automatic searches, summarization or statistical analyses.(More)
This paper investigates the fairness problem in all-optical networks without wavelength conversion under dynamic traffic loads. We propose a new classification strategy to mitigate the fairness problem called Fair-Fit. Our strategy is based on previous simulation studies that are carried out off-line. In addition, we introduce an equation that allows one to(More)
Early diagnosis and slow progression of chronic diseases are important to improve the quality of life of patients. Physicians and patients can use medical systems to aid the detection and treatment of chronic diseases. In ours previous research, a medical system to aid the early diagnosis of the Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) was developed. However, the(More)