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The past few years have witnessed an increasingly mature body of research on the Semantic Web, with new standards being developed and more complex use cases being proposed and explored. As complexity increases in SW applications, so does the need for principled means to cope with uncertainty inherent to real world SW applications. Not surprisingly, several(More)
To cope with asymmetric threats in an increasingly network centric environment, todaypsilas command support systems must interoperate with a diverse collection of other systems. As a natural consequence, the focus is changing from data fusion to knowledge fusion. This new reality creates the need for advanced techniques that exploit not only the syntactic(More)
This paper addresses a major weakness of current technologies for the Semantic Web, namely the lack of a principled means to represent and reason about uncertainty. This not only hinders the realization of the original vision for the Semantic Web, but also creates a barrier to the development of new, powerful features for general knowledge applications that(More)
One of the major weaknesses of current research on the Semantic Web (SW) is the lack of proper means to represent and reason with uncertainty. A number of recent efforts from the SW community, the W3C, and others have recently emerged to address this gap. Such efforts have the positive side effect of bringing together two fields of research that have been(More)
Situational awareness and prediction are essential elements of information fusion. Both involve various types of uncertainty and require a sound automated inferential process. Probabilistic ontologies support uncertainty management in se-mantically aware systems, and facilitate modular, interoperable systems. This paper describes the process of developing a(More)
For many operational information fusion systems, both reliability and credibility are evaluation criteria for collected information. The Uncertainty Representation and Reasoning Evaluation Framework (URREF) is a comprehensive ontology that represents measures of uncertainty. URREF supports standards such as the NATO Standardization Agreement (STANAG) 2511,(More)
The Semantic Web envisions effortless cooperation between humans and computers, seamless interoperability and information exchange among web applications, and rapid and accurate identification and invocation of appropriate Web services. At the current stage of evolution in Semantic Web research, there is a growing understanding that a major step towards(More)
—The use of cyberspace as a platform for military operations presents many new research challenges. This paper focuses on the specific problem of assessing the impact of an event in the cyber domain (e.g. a cyber attack) on the missions it supports. The approach involves the use of Cyber-ARGUS, a C2 simulation framework, along with semantic technologies to(More)