Paulo C. P. de Andrade

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The current therapy for leishmaniasis, which affects annually about 2 million people, is far from satisfactory. All available drugs require parenteral administration and are potentially toxic. Plant essential oils have been traditionally used in folk medicine and appear as valuable alternative source for chemotherapeutic compounds. In this study, we(More)
Herpetomonas samuelpessoai was submitted to hypo- and hyper-osmotic shocks in buffer and culture medium. Cell volume was evaluated with an electronic particle counter and by the transmission of a parasite suspension measured at 540 nm with a spectrophotometer. Cell volume changes after osmotic shock were transient, parasites being able to completely restore(More)
Two-hundred and sixty-five human sera from Brazil were tested in a direct agglutination assay using trypsinated Leishmania donovani donovani antigen. The assay proved to be of value for the diagnosis of American visceral leishmaniasis in that it was discriminative toward Chagas' disease.
The need for a reliable method for the immunological diagnosis of kala-azar is imperative. Leishmania donovani donovani and L. donovani chagasi culture promastigotes were compared as antigens in a direct agglutination test (DAT) for the diagnosis of visceral leishmaniasis in Brazil. Both antigens were successfully employed for the DAT, showing 100%(More)
The effects of short ultraviolet (253 nm) radiation on the growth of the trypanosomatid flagellate Crithidia fasciculata were studied in liquid medium and nutrient agar plates. Cell duplication was completely inhibited after exposure of the flagellates to doses equal to or higher than 50 J/m2. The UV-induced lag period was dose-dependent. Survival was(More)
Chemotherapy for Chagas' disease is still unsatisfactory due to toxicity and limited effectiveness of the available drugs. In this work we have investigated the effect of usnic acid, isolated from lichen Cladonia substellata, against Trypanosoma cruzi, in vitro. Incubation of culture epimastigotes with 5-30microg/ml of this compound resulted in growth(More)
L. donovani antigens were analyzed by a direct agglutination test (DAT), by ELISA using intact promastigotes and by the SDS-PAGE immunoperoxidase technique (SGIP). Sera of Chagas' disease patients cross-reacted in the ELISA and SGIP but not in the DAT. Trypsin treatment of the parasites removed concanavalin A-binding sites but not epitopes for antibodies(More)
An enzyme-linked lectin assay (ELLA) based on the ELISA assay, using intact formalin-fixed promastigotes to coat poly-L-lysine-treated microtiter plates is described. The assay was used to study the lectin receptors of Leishmania donovani chagasi, L. donovani donovani and L. mexicana amazonensis. ConA, RCA, WGA, and PNA receptors were found in the three(More)
The aim of this work was to isolate and identify bacteria able to degrade sodium fluoroacetate from soil and plant samples collected in areas where the fluoroacetate-containing plants Mascagnia rigida and Palicourea aenofusca are found. The samples were cultivated in mineral medium added with 20 mmol L(-1) sodium fluoroacetate. Seven isolates were(More)
Diseases presenting with splenomegaly, fever and pancytopenia require intensive differential diagnostic considerations. These diseases include lymphoproliferative and autoimmune diseases, but also chronic infections like mansonian schistosomiasis or visceral leishmaniasis (kala-azar). Diagnosis for the latter is usually performed by testing for the presence(More)