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The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of cervical preflaring on the determination of the first file that binds at working length (WL) in buccal roots of maxillary premolars. Five groups (n=10) were formed at random and, after standard access cavities, the WL was determined 1 mm short from the apex. In group 1, the initial apical file(More)
The internal anatomy, direction and number of roots and size were studied on 830 extracted human mandibular canines. The internal anatomy was studied using the methyl salicylate clearing method, which showed that 98.3% of these teeth presented a single root, with 92.2% presenting one canal and one foramen, 4.9% with two canals and one foramen, and 1.2% with(More)
The external and internal anatomy of 240 extracted, maxillary first premolars was studied. The external anatomy was studied by measuring each tooth and by observing the direction of the root curvatures from the facial and proximal aspects. The internal anatomy of the pulp cavity was studied by a method of making the teeth translucent. A total of 55.8% of(More)
This laboratory study evaluated Er:YAG laser antibacterial action in infected root canals. Forty-eight maxillary central incisors were used. After canal preparation, the teeth were autoclaved and divided into four groups: (1) non-treated teeth (control group); (2) teeth treated with NaOCl; (3) teeth irradiated with Er:YAG laser (7 Hz, 100 mJ, 80(More)
A case of endodontic conservative treatment of a maxillary central incisor with an atypical crown and Type III dens invaginatus is presented. The greatest difficulty was to locate the root canals due to the atypical internal anatomy. There were not two clear canals, but the coronal pulp chamber showed two entrances to the root canal. The tooth presented a(More)
The effect of EDTAC (ethylenediamine tetra-acetic acid plus Cetavion, an ammonium surfactant), CDTA (cyclohexane-1,2-diaminetetra-acetic acid), and EGTA (ethylene glycol-bis-(beta-amino-ethyl ether) N,N,N',N'-tetra-acetic acid) on the microhardness of radicular dentin of the cervical third of human teeth was studied. Five newly extracted maxillary incisors(More)
The aim of this study was to determine whether para-chloroaniline (PCA) and/or reactive oxygen species (ROS) are generated by chlorhexidine (CHX) alone or after CHX is mixed with calcium hydroxide at different time points. Mass spectrometry was performed to detect PCA in samples of 0.2% CHX and Ca(OH)2 mixed with 0.2% CHX. High-performance liquid(More)
In the present study, we investigated the effect of the addition of different grades of gum rosins and hydrogenated resins to Grossman cement on dimensional stability, solubility and disintegration. pH and conductivity, which may affect these properties, were also determined. The experiments were performed according to Specification 57 of the American(More)
This in vitro study evaluated the effect of smear layer removal on adhesion to human dentine of Ketac-Endo, Grossman, and Sealer 26 root canal sealers. A total of 60 extracted human maxillary and mandibular molars with their crowns ground flat were used. The teeth were divided into two groups: Group 1, the dentine surface received no treatment; Group 2,(More)