Paulo A. S. Mourão

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A linear sulfated fucan with a regular repeating sequence of [3)-alpha-L-Fucp-(2SO4)-(1-->3)-alpha-L-Fucp-(4SO4)-(1-->3)-alpha-L-Fucp-(2,4SO4)-(1-->3)-alpha-L-Fucp-(2SO4)-(1-->]n is an anticoagulant polysaccharide mainly due to thrombin inhibition mediated by heparin cofactor II. No specific enzymatic or chemical method is available for the preparation of(More)
Sulfated fucans from marine invertebrates have simple, linear structures, composed of repeating units of oligosaccharides. Most of these polysaccharides contain 3-linked fucosyl units, but each species of invertebrate has a specific pattern of sulfation. No specific enzyme able to cleave or to desulfate these polysaccharides has been described yet.(More)
Spawning marine invertebrates are excellent models for studying fertilization and reproductive isolating mechanisms. To identify variation in the major steps in sea urchin gamete recognition, we studied sperm activation in three closely related sympatric Strongylocentrotus species. Sperm undergo acrosomal exocytosis upon contact with sulfated(More)
Sulfated polysaccharides from the egg jelly of sea urchins act as species-specific inducers of the sperm acrosome reaction, which is a rare molecular mechanism of carbohydrate-induced signal-transduction event in animal cells. The sea urchin polysaccharides differ in monosaccharide composition (l-fucose or l-galactose), glycosylation, and sulfation sites,(More)
Thromboembolic diseases are increasing worldwide and always require anticoagulant therapy. We still need safer and more secure antithrombotic drugs than those presently available. Sulfated polysaccharides from marine organisms may constitute a new source for the development of such drugs. Investigation of these compounds usually attempts to reproduce the(More)
Based on considered achievements of the last 25 years, specific combinations of sulfation patterns and glycosylation types have been proved to be key structural players for the anticoagulant activity of certain marine glycans. These conclusions were obtained from comparative and systematic analyses on the structure-anticoagulation relationships of(More)
The antimalarial activity of heparin, against which there are no resistances known, has not been therapeutically exploited due to its potent anticoagulating activity. Here, we have explored the antiplasmodial capacity of heparin-like sulfated polysaccharides from the sea cucumbers Ludwigothurea grisea and Isostichopus badionotus, from the red alga(More)
Heparins extracted from different animal sources have been conventionally considered effective anticoagulant and antithrombotic agents despite of their pharmacological dissimilarities. We performed herein a systematic analysis on the physicochemical properties, disaccharide composition, in vitro anticoagulant potency and in vivo antithrombotic and bleeding(More)
BACKGROUND The marine-derived kinase inhibitor fascaplysin down-regulates the PI3K pathway in cancer cells. Since this pathway also plays an essential role in platelet signaling, we herein investigated the effect of fascaplysin on thrombosis. METHODS Fascaplysin effects on platelet activation, platelet aggregation and platelet-leukocyte aggregates (PLA)(More)
Retinal explants maintained in culture medium retain their histotypic structure and develop similarly to the in vivo condition. Extracellular matrix components, particularly the glycosaminoglycans which are not routinely present in dissociated cell cultures are involved in various cellular events. In this work we characterized and determined the(More)
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