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It has long been known that pyruvate is essential for survival of prenatal neurons in culture. To understand the role of exogenous pyruvate in neuronal calcium homeostasis, we have investigated the effects of pyruvate (plus malate) addition to dissociated adult rat hippocampal and cerebral cortex cells and cultured CNS neurons having an unrestricted glucose(More)
The genes HMGCS2 and HMGCL encode the two main enzymes for ketone-body synthesis, mitochondrial HMG-CoA synthase and HMG-CoA lyase. Here, we identify and describe possible splice variants of these genes in human tissues. We detected an alternative transcript of HMGCS2 carrying a deletion of exon 4, and two alternative transcripts of HMGCL with deletions of(More)
In eukaryotes, the exosome plays a central role in RNA maturation, turnover, and quality control. In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the core exosome is composed of nine catalytically inactive subunits constituting a ring structure and the active nuclease Rrp44, also known as Dis3. Rrp44 is a member of the ribonuclease II superfamily of exoribonucleases which(More)
To be effective, a designed drug must discriminate successfully the macromolecular target from alternative structures present in the organism. The last few years have witnessed the emergence of different computational tools aimed to the understanding and modeling of this process at molecular level. Although still rudimentary, these methods are shaping a(More)
Reversible protein phosphorylation is one of the most important forms of cellular regulation. Thus, phosphoproteomic analysis of protein phosphorylation in cells is a powerful tool to evaluate cell functional status. The importance of protein kinase-regulated signal transduction pathways in human cancer has led to the development of drugs that inhibit(More)
Cadherins form a large family of calcium-dependent cell-cell adhesion receptors involved in development, morphogenesis, synaptogenesis, differentiation, and carcinogenesis through signal mechanotransduction using an adaptor complex that connects them to the cytoskeleton. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying mechanotransduction through cadherins(More)
In eukaryotes, L-carnitine is involved in energy metabolism by facilitating beta-oxidation of fatty acids. Carnitine acetyltransferases (CrAT) catalyze the reversible conversion of acetyl-CoA and carnitine to acetylcarnitine and free CoA. To redesign the specificity of rat CrAT toward its substrates, we mutated Met564. The M564G mutated CrAT showed higher(More)
From all the different molecular mechanisms put forward to explain the basis of BH4 responsiveness in PKU patients, a clear picture is now emerging based on the results from expression studies performed with a number of missense mutations identified in patients with a positive response in BH4 loading tests. Two of the proposed mechanisms, namely decreased(More)
The influenza A virus NEP (NS2) protein is an structural component of the viral particle. To investigate whether this protein has an effect on viral RNA synthesis, we examined the expression of an influenza A virus-like chloramphenicol acetyltransferase (CAT) RNA in cells synthesizing the four influenza A virus core proteins (nucleoprotein, PB1, PB2, and(More)