Pauline Scholler

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G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) can form heteromeric complexes. Herein, we describe a new approach to test the heteromerization of 2 receptors, or 2 receptor subunits, and to study the stoichiometry of the resulting complexes. As a proof-of-concept study, we investigated whether metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs), in addition to being well-known(More)
Efficient cell-to-cell communication relies on the accurate signalling of cell surface receptors. Understanding the molecular bases of their activation requires the characterization of the dynamic equilibrium between active and resting states. Here, we monitor, using single-molecule Förster resonance energy transfer, the kinetics of the reorientation of the(More)
G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) are major players in cell communication. Although they form functional monomers, increasing evidence indicates that GPCR dimerization has a critical role in cooperative phenomena that are important for cell signal integration. However, the structural bases of these phenomena remain elusive. Here, using well-characterized(More)
Type 4 metabotropic glutamate (mGlu4) receptors are emerging targets for the treatment of various disorders. Accordingly, numerous mGlu4-positive allosteric modulators (PAMs) have been identified, some of which also display agonist activity. To identify the structural bases for their allosteric action, we explored the relationship between the binding(More)
The concept of oligomerization of G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) opens new perspectives regarding physiological function regulation. The capacity of one GPCR to modify its binding and coupling properties by interacting with a second one can be at the origin of regulations unsuspected two decades ago. Although the concept is interesting, its validation at(More)
In multimeric cell-surface receptors, the conformational changes of the extracellular ligand-binding domains (ECDs) associated with receptor activation remain largely unknown. This is the case for the dimeric metabotropic glutamate receptors even though a number of ECD structures have been solved. Here, using an innovative approach based on cell-surface(More)
Metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs) are mandatory dimers playing important roles in regulating CNS function. Although assumed to form exclusive homodimers, 16 possible heterodimeric mGluRs have been proposed but their existence in native cells remains elusive. Here, we set up two assays to specifically identify the pharmacological properties of rat(More)
Cell surface receptors represent a vast majority of drug targets. Efforts have been conducted to develop biosensors reporting their conformational changes in live cells for pharmacological and functional studies. Although Förster resonance energy transfer (FRET) appears to be an ideal approach, its use is limited by the low signal-to-noise ratio. Here we(More)
The influence of allogeneic blood transfusions (BT) on experimental tumor growth was investigated in three syngeneic, one allogeneic and one autochthonous tumor model in the rat. Con A induced T-cell response, relative distribution of lymphocyte subsets using flow cytometry and cytotoxic antibodies were determined. No differences in take rate, induction(More)
The effect of allogeneic blood transfusions on tumour growth was studied in the rat. BD IX animals pretreated by five blood transfusions from SD rats were transplanted with two different syngeneic malignant neurogenic tumours (neurinoma, ependymoma). The tumour growth rates in the transfused animals were compared to those of non-transfused controls. No(More)