Pauline Schaap

Learn More
The social amoebas (Dictyostelia) display conditional multicellularity in a wide variety of forms. Despite widespread interest in Dictyostelium discoideum as a model system, almost no molecular data exist from the rest of the group. We constructed the first molecular phylogeny of the Dictyostelia with parallel small subunit ribosomal RNA and a-tubulin data(More)
The Amoebozoa constitute one of the primary divisions of eukaryotes, encompassing taxa of both biomedical and evolutionary importance, yet its genomic diversity remains largely unsampled. Here we present an analysis of a whole genome assembly of Acanthamoeba castellanii (Ac) the first representative from a solitary free-living amoebozoan. Ac encodes 15,455(More)
Dictyostelium discoideum (DD), an extensively studied model organism for cell and developmental biology, belongs to the most derived group 4 of social amoebas, a clade of altruistic multicellular organisms. To understand genome evolution over long time periods and the genetic basis of social evolution, we sequenced the genomes of Dictyostelium fasciculatum(More)
This review explores the origins, diversity and functions of guanylyl cyclases in cellular organisms. In eukaryotes both cGMP and cAMP are produced by the conserved class III cyclase domains, while prokaryotes use five more unrelated catalysts for cyclic nucleotide synthesis. The class III domain is found embedded in proteins with a large variety of(More)
We investigated whether cyclic AMP is an essential extracellular stimulus for the differentiation of prespore cells in slugs of D. discoideum. A local reduction of the extracellular cAMP level inside the slug was induced by implantation of cAMP-phosphodiesterase (cAMP-PDE)-coated spheres in intact slugs. This treatment caused the disappearance of prespore(More)
The social amoebae (Dictyostelia) are a diverse group of Amoebozoa that achieve multicellularity by aggregation and undergo morphogenesis into fruiting bodies with terminally differentiated spores and stalk cells. There are four groups of dictyostelids, with the most derived being a group that contains the model species Dictyostelium discoideum. We have(More)
cAMP plays a pivotal role in control of cell movement, differentiation and response to stress in all phases of the Dictyostelium life cycle. The multitudinous functions of cAMP require precise spatial and temporal control of its production, degradation and detection. Many novel proteins have recently been identified that critically modulate the cAMP signal.(More)
The Dictyostelium stalk cell inducer differentiation-inducing factor (DIF) directs tyrosine phosphorylation and nuclear accumulation of the STAT (signal transducer and activator of transcription) protein Dd-STATc. We show that hyperosmotic stress, heat shock and oxidative stress also activate Dd-STATc. Hyperosmotic stress is known to elevate intracellular(More)
Adenylyl cyclase G (ACG) is activated by high osmolality and mediates inhibition of spore germination by this stress factor. The catalytic domains of all eukaryote cyclases are active as dimers and dimerization often mediates activation. To investigate the role of dimerization in ACG activation, we coexpressed ACG with an ACG construct that lacked the(More)