Pauline Roca

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OBJECTIVES Apathy is a debilitating symptom in cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy (CADASIL), the pathophysiology of which remains poorly understood. The aim of this study was to evaluate the neuroanatomic correlates of apathy, using new MRI postprocessing methods based on the identification of cortical(More)
Determining cortical functional areas is an important goal for neurosciences and clinical neurosurgery. This paper presents a method for connectivity-based parcellation of the entire human cortical surface, exploiting the idea that each cortex region has a specific connection profile. The connectivity matrix of the cortex is computed using analytical(More)
This paper presents a connectivity-based parcellation of the human post-central gyrus, at the level of the group of subjects. The dimension of the clustering problem is reduced using a set of cortical regions of interest determined at the inter-subject level using a surface-based coordinate system, and representing the regions with a strong connection to(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the accuracy of functional MRI (fMRI) at 3T, as currently used in the preoperative mapping of language areas, compared with direct cortical stimulation (DCS) during awake surgery, in patients with supratentorial gliomas; and to identify clinical, histopathologic,and radiologic factors associated with fMRI/DCS discrepancies. METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE To propose a T2*-MR adaptation of the computed tomography angiography-clot burden score (CBS), and assess its value as predictor of 24-hour recanalization and clinical outcome in anterior circulation stroke treated by intravenous thrombolysis ≤4.5 hours from onset. METHODS Two independent observers retrospectively analyzed(More)
PURPOSE To compare the occurrence of several central sulcus variants and to assess the reproducibility of a sulcal pattern named the power button sign (PBS) in patients with type 2 focal cortical dysplasia (FCD2) and healthy control subjects. MATERIALS AND METHODS The local institutional review board approved the study, and written informed consent was(More)
OBJECTIVE Focal cortical dysplasias (FCDs) are mainly located in the frontal region, with a particular tropism for the central sulcus. Up to 30% of lesions are undetected (magnetic resonance [MR]-negative FCD patients) or belatedly diagnosed by visual analysis of MR images. We propose an automated sulcus-based method to analyze abnormal sulcal patterns(More)
PURPOSE Type 2 focal cortical dysplasia (FCD2) is one of the main causes of refractory partial epilepsy, but often remains overlooked by MRI. This study aimed to elucidate whether 3T MRI offers better detection and characterization of FCD2 than 1.5T, using similar coils and acquisition time. METHODS Two independent readers reviewed the 1.5T and 3T MR(More)
Huntington disease (HD) is associated with early and severe damage to the basal ganglia and particularly the striatum. We investigated cortico-striatal connectivity modifications occurring in HD patients using a novel approach which focuses on the projection of the connectivity profile of the basal ganglia onto the cortex. This approach consists in(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Our aim was to estimate the prevalence of negative diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) with total perfusion-diffusion mismatch in a large series of anterior circulation stroke patients treated with thrombolysis and to describe the characteristics of these patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS From January 2006 to December 2010, a(More)