Pauline J Ford

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Oral conditions such as gingivitis and chronic periodontitis are found worldwide and are among the most prevalent microbial diseases of mankind. The cause of these common inflammatory conditions is the complex microbiota found as dental plaque, a complex microbial biofilm. Despite 3000 years of history demonstrating the influence of oral status on general(More)
OBJECTIVE This study describes the predictive value of oral epithelial dysplasia (OED) grading as an indicator for malignant transformation and progression. STUDY DESIGN The records of an Australian-based pathology laboratory were searched for oral mucosal biopsies with a dysplastic or malignant diagnosis. Examination for an association with progression(More)
The relationship between poor oral health and systemic diseases has been increasingly recognized over the past two decades. Indeed, the clichés "You cannot have good general health without good oral health", "The mouth is part of the body" and "Floss or die", are gaining an increasing momentum. A large number of epidemiological studies have now linked poor(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Chronic infections such as those caused by Chlamydia pneumoniae and periodontopathic bacteria such as Porphyromonas gingivalis have been associated with atherosclerosis, possibly due to cross-reactivity of the immune response to bacterial GroEL with human heat shock protein (hHSP) 60. METHODS We examined the cross-reactivity of anti-GroEL(More)
This paper reviews the evidence for the interaction of oral disease (more specifically, periodontal infections) with cardiovascular disease. Cardiovascular disease is a major cause of death worldwide, with atherosclerosis as the underlying aetiology in the vast majority of cases. The importance of the role of infection and inflammation in atherosclerosis is(More)
Significant associations between atherosclerosis and both Porphyromonas gingivalis, a major periodontopathogen, and the respiratory pathogen, Chlamydia pneumoniae, have been shown. Many individuals with evidence of atherosclerosis demonstrate seropositivity to these pathogens. The aim of the present study was to examine the atherogenic effect of repeated(More)
BACKGROUND Inflammation is a significant component of atherosclerosis lesions. Bacteria, including periodontopathogens, have been demonstrated in atherosclerotic plaques and cross-reactivity of the immune response to bacterial GroEL with human heat shock protein 60 has been suggested as a link between infections and atherosclerosis. METHODS In this study,(More)
A role for infection and inflammation in atherogenesis is widely accepted. Arterial endothelium has been shown to express heat shock protein 60 (HSP60) and, since human (hHSP60) and bacterial (GroEL) HSP60s are highly conserved, the immune response to bacteria may result in cross-reactivity, leading to endothelial damage and thus contribute to the(More)
BACKGROUND Oral disease may be increased in people with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and, due to associations with inflammation and malnutrition, represents a potential modifiable risk factor for cardiovascular disease and mortality. We summarized the prevalence of oral disease in adults with CKD and explored any association between oral disease and(More)