Pauline J. Chen

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BACKGROUND & AIMS Six genotypes (A-F) of hepatitis B virus (HBV) have been identified; however, the genotype-related differences in the pathogenicity of HBV remain unknown. Therefore, we investigated the prevalence of HBV genotypes in Taiwan and the association between distinct genotypes and severity of liver disease in a cross-sectional study. METHODS(More)
Rapid changes in sexual traits are ubiquitous in evolution. To analyze this phenomenon, we are studying species of the genus Caenorhabditis. These animals use one of two different mating systems-male/hermaphroditic, like the model organism Caenorhabditis elegans, or male/female, like C. remanei. Since hermaphrodites are essentially females that produce(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of small, noncoding RNAs that function as posttranscriptional regulators of gene expression. Many miRNAs are expressed in the developing brain and regulate multiple aspects of neural development, including neurogenesis, dendritogenesis, and synapse formation. Rett syndrome (RTT) is a progressive neurodevelopmental disorder(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Possible pathogenic differences among hepatitis B virus (HBV) genotypes have been observed; however, the response to interferon therapy among HBV genotypes remains unknown. We therefore analyzed the efficacy of interferon alfa in the treatment of chronic hepatitis B patients with different HBV genotypes. METHODS Fifty-eight genotype B or C(More)
The complete nucleotide sequence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) cloned from the liver tissue of a Taiwanese patient with post-transfusion type C hepatitis was determined. The 5' end of HCV genomic RNA was located 341 nucleotides upstream from the initiation codon for the viral polyprotein open reading frame. The 5' end of the viral antigenomic RNA was shown to(More)
BACKGROUND Familial predisposition as a risk factor for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in hepatitis B virus (HBV) carriers has not been thoroughly explored. METHODS The HCC risk associated with having parents and/or siblings with HCC was evaluated by use of a cohort study of 4808 male HBV carriers. A case-control family study was also conducted on data(More)
OBJECTIVES To describe the incidence and presentations of invasive amoebiasis (IA) in patients with HIV infection in an area endemic for amoebic infection and to assess the role of the indirect haemagglutination (IHA) assay in the diagnosis of IA in HIV-infected patients. DESIGN Retrospective study of 18 cases of IA and HIV infection. SETTING A(More)
BACKGROUND Worldwide, hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is more prevalent in men than in women, suggesting that sex hormones and/or X-chromosome-linked genes may be involved in hepatocarcinogenesis. We investigated the association of a trinucleotide (CAG) repeat in the androgen receptor (AR) gene (located on the X chromosome) termed "AR-CAG repeats," levels of(More)
The hepatitis delta virus can be found in the serum and liver of some hepatitis B virus patients. We now report that the RNA genome of serum-derived delta virus is single-stranded and circular. Livers of infected chimpanzees or woodchucks contained as many as 300,000 copies of genomic strand RNA per average cell, and at least some of this RNA had a circular(More)
Hepatitis delta virus (HDV) contains two virus-specific delta antigens (HDAgs), large and small forms, which are identical in sequence except that the large one contains 19 extra amino acids at the C terminus. HDAgs are nuclear phosphoproteins with distinct biological functions; the small form activates HDV RNA replication, whereas the large form suppresses(More)