Pauline H. Yen

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Genes on the long arm of Y (Yq), particularly within interval 6, are believed to play a critical role in human spermatogenesis. Cytogenetically detectable deletions of this region are associated with azoospermia in men, but are relatively uncommon. It has been hypothesized that microdeletions of Yq may account for a significant proportion of men with(More)
Amelogenins, a family of extracellular matrix proteins of the dental enamel, are transiently but abundantly expressed by ameloblasts during tooth development. Amelogenins seem to regulate the formation of crystallites during the secretory stage of enamel development, while they are specifically degraded during tooth-bud maturation. In this paper we report(More)
The Azoospermia Factor c (AZFc) region on the Y chromosome long arm is one of the least stable regions in the human genome. It consists almost entirely of very long repeats and is prone to rearrangement. Numerous structures at AZFc have been identified, and some of them have been reported to be associated with male infertility. We screened 580 Han Chinese(More)
A growing body of evidence demonstrates that germ cell death both spontaneous (during normal spermatogenesis) and that induced by suppression of hormonal support or increased scrotal temperature occurs via apoptosis. The mechanisms by which these proapoptotic stimuli activate germ cell apoptosis are not well understood. In order to provide some insight,(More)
Mammalian sex chromosomes are divided into sex-specific and pseudoautosomal regions. Sequences in the pseudoautosomal region recombine between the sex chromosomes; the sex-specific sequences normally do not. The interface between sex-specific and pseudoautosomal sequences is the pseudoautosomal boundary. The boundary is the centromeric limit to(More)
The DAZ genes on the human Y Chromosome (Chr) are strong candidates for the azoospermia factor AZF. They are frequently deleted in azoospermic or severely oligospermic males and are expressed exclusively in germ cells. In addition, the DAZ genes share a high degree of similarity with a Drosophila male infertility gene, boule. The predicted DAZ proteins(More)
Short-term exposure (43 C for 15 min) of the rat testis to mild heat results within 6 h in stage- and cell-specific activation of germ cell apoptosis. Initiation of apoptosis was preceded by a redistribution of Bax from a cytoplasmic to paranuclear localization in heat-susceptible germ cells. Here we show that the relocation of Bax is accompanied by(More)
Steroid sulphatase (STS) Is an important enzyme in steroid metabolism1. The human STS gene has been cloned and mapped to Xp22.3, proximal to the pseudoautosomal region (PAR)2. Using quantitative differences in STS activity among various mouse strains, a segregation pattern consistent with autosomal linkage was first reported3–5, but more recent studies have(More)
The DAZ (Deleted in AZoospermia) and DAZLA (DAZ-like autosomal) genes may be determinants of male infertility. The DAZ gene on the long arm of the human Y chromosome is a strong candidate for the 'azoospermia factor' (AZF). Its role in spermatogenesis is supported by its exclusive expression in testis, its deletion in a high percentage of males with(More)