Pauline Gerus

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The ultrasonography contributes to investigate in vivo tendon force-strain relationship during isometric contraction. In previous studies, different methods are available to estimate the tendon strain, using different loading rates and models to fit the tendon force-strain relationship. This study was aimed to propose a standard method to characterize the(More)
BACKGROUND Inappropriate tibiofemoral joint contact loading during gait is thought to contribute to the development of osteoarthritis. Increased co-activation of agonist/antagonist pair of muscles during gait has commonly been observed in pathological populations and it is thought that this results in increased articular loading and subsequent risk of(More)
Estimating tibiofemoral joint contact forces is important for understanding the initiation and progression of knee osteoarthritis. However, tibiofemoral contact force predictions are influenced by many factors including muscle forces and anatomical representations of the knee joint. This study aimed to investigate the influence of subject-specific geometry(More)
The estimation of muscle fascicle behaviour is decisive in a Hill-type model as they are related to muscle force by the force-length-velocity relationship and the tendon force-strain relationship. This study was aimed at investigating the influence of subject-specific tendon force-strain relationship and initial fascicle geometry (IFG) on the estimation of(More)
PURPOSE To investigate differences in anterior cruciate ligament-reconstructed (ACLR) and healthy individuals in terms of the magnitude of the tibiofemoral contact forces, as well as the relative muscle and external load contributions to those contact forces, during walking, running, and sidestepping gait tasks. METHODS A computational EMG-driven(More)
Neuromusculoskeletal models are a common method to estimate muscle forces. Developing accurate neuromusculoskeletal models is a challenging task due to the complexity of the system and large inter-subject variability. The estimation of muscles force is based on the mechanical properties of tendon-aponeurosis complex. Most neuromusculoskeletal models use a(More)
We explored the tibiofemoral contact forces and the relative contributions of muscles and external loads to those contact forces during various gait tasks. Second, we assessed the relationships between external gait measures and contact forces. A calibrated electromyography-driven neuromusculoskeletal model estimated the tibiofemoral contact forces during(More)
The aim of this study was to compare co-contraction index (CCI) computed from muscle moments to different co-activation indexes (Co-Act) derived from EMG data at the ankle and the knee joint during gait. An EMG-driven model was used to estimate muscle moments during over-ground walking gait at a self-selected velocity from twelve healthy subjects. The CCI(More)
This article presents an EMG-to-moment optimization model suitable for clinical studies to estimate the contribution of agonist and antagonist muscle groups to the net ankle joint moment during dynamic and isometric tasks. The proposed EMG-to-moment model took into account realistic muscle properties such as the electromechanical delay, and a(More)
BACKGROUND Impairments resulting from hemiparetic stroke lead to persistent difficulties with walking. Abnormal co-contraction patterns of lower limb muscles might be a compensatory mechanism to deal with its resulting gait impairments. AIM The aim of this study was to assess muscle co-contraction obtained from muscle moments in chronic hemiparetic(More)