Learn More
BACKGROUND The role of the human camera holder during laparoscopic surgery keeps valuable personnel from other duties. EndoAssist is a robotic camera-holding device controlled by the operator's head movements. This study assesses its introduction into clinical practice. METHOD Ninety-three patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy were randomized(More)
The protein product of the bcl-2 gene is though to be involved in inhibition of apoptosis; it may therefore be important in the modulation of hormonal/anti-hormonal responsiveness exhibited by tumours. This study immunocytochemically investigates (i) relationships between bcl-2 protein expression in primary breast cancers and other markers of prognostic and(More)
Drugs that target the insulin-like growth factor-I receptor (IGF-IR) and/or insulin receptor (IR) are currently under investigation for a variety of malignancies including breast cancer. Although we have previously reported that IGF-IR expression in primary breast tumors is common, the activation status of this receptor has not been examined in relation to(More)
The expression of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGF-R), c-erbB-2 protein product and Ki67 have been evaluated in 105 breast cancers of known responsiveness to endocrine therapy using immunohistochemistry. EGF-R staining was observed in 62 of the tumours and was significantly associated with elevated rates of cell proliferation (%Ki67 positive cells)(More)
NEWEST (Neoadjuvant Endocrine Therapy for Women with Estrogen-Sensitive Tumors) is the first study to compare biological and clinical activity of fulvestrant 500 versus 250 mg in the neoadjuvant breast cancer setting. We hypothesized that fulvestrant 500 mg may be superior to 250 mg in blocking estrogen receptor (ER) signaling and growth. A multicenter,(More)
Frozen sections of breast tumor tissue have been stained using an immunoperoxidase [estrogen receptor (ER)-immunocytochemistry] kit incorporating a monoclonal antiserum [H222] to visualize nuclear human ERs. Quantitation of specific staining has been performed by manual procedures using optical microscopy and by a computer-assisted image analysis system(More)
Activated Src kinase may contribute to the progression and spread of breast cancers and recent in vitro evidence suggests a role for Src in acquired endocrine resistance. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether modulation of Src activity in endocrine-sensitive and endocrine-resistant breast cancer cells directly affected their phenotype and(More)
Qualitative and semiquantitative assessments of oestrogen receptor and progesterone receptor positivity determined on previously immunocytochemically stained slides were performed by eight independent assessors. Concordance between assessments of steroid receptor status was good (24/25, 96%). Interassessor variations in estimates of positive immunostaining(More)
An estrogen receptor enzyme immunoassay kit (ER-EIA) has been evaluated in 70 human breast carcinomas against a routine cytoplasmic [3H]estradiol binding assay (ERU). A linear correlation between the ER-EIA and the ERU was observed for binding values up to 400 fmol/mg of cytosol protein. Above this value, the ERU underestimates the concentration of(More)