Paulina Urrutia

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The synthesis of galactooligosaccharides (GOS) catalyzed by β-galactosidase from Aspergillus oryzae (Enzeco) was studied. Using 400 g/L of lactose and 15 U/mL, maximum GOS yield, measured by HPAEC-PAD, was 26.8% w/w of total carbohydrates, obtained at approximately 70% lactose conversion. No less than 17 carbohydrates were identified; the major(More)
In Part I, surface pressure isotherms were measured for model interfaces between a dispersed water phase and a continuous phase of asphaltenes, toluene, and heptane. Here, the coalescence rate of model emulsions prepared from the same components is determined from measured drop size distributions at 23 degrees C. A correlation is found between the initial(More)
Interfacial elasticity and "dynamic" surface pressure isotherms were measured for interfaces between a dispersed water phase and a continuous phase of asphaltenes, toluene, and heptane. The interfacial modulus is a function of asphaltene concentration and in all cases reached a maximum at an asphaltene concentration of approximately 1 kg/m(3). The modulus(More)
Chitosan was derivatized by two methodologies to design a robust biocatalyst of immobilized Bacillus circulans β-galactosidase from a low-cost support for its further application in the synthesis of galacto-oligosaccharides (GOS). In the first one, chitosan was derivatized by cross-linking with glutaraldehyde and activated with epichlorohydrin; in the(More)
Hierarchical meso-macroporous silica (average mesopore diameter 20 nm) was synthesized and chemically modified to be used as a support for the immobilization of lipases from Candida antarctica B and Alcaligenes sp. and β-galactosidases from Bacillus circulans and Aspergillus oryzae. Catalytic activities and thermal stabilities of enzymes immobilized by(More)
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