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BACKGROUND The G84E mutation in the HOXB13 gene has been associated with a high lifetime risk of prostate cancer in North America (about 20-fold). The geographical and ethnic extent of this recurrent allele has not yet been determined. METHODS We assayed for the presence of the G84E mutation in 3,515 prostate cancer patients and 2,604 controls from Poland(More)
BACKGROUND Germline mutations of BRCA2 and NBS1 genes cause inherited recessive chromosomal instability syndromes and predispose to prostate cancer of poor prognosis. Mutations of the BLM gene cause another chromosomal instability clinical syndrome, called Bloom syndrome. Recently, a recurrent truncating mutation of BLM (Q548X) has been associated with a(More)
BACKGROUND Germline mutations in the Chek2 kinase gene (CHEK2) have been associated with a range of cancer types. Recently, a large deletion of exons 9 and 10 of CHEK2 was identified in several unrelated patients with breast cancer of Czech or Slovak origin. The geographical and ethnic extent of this founder allele has not yet been determined. (More)
Evidence to date that BRCA1 mutation carriers are at an increased risk of prostate cancer is mixed - both positive and negative studies have been published. To establish whether or not inherited variation in BRCA1 influences prostate cancer risk we genotyped 1793 men with prostate cancer in Poland and 4570 controls for three founder mutations (C61G,(More)
BACKGROUND To establish the contribution of eight founder alleles in three DNA damage repair genes (BRCA1, CHEK2 and NBS1) to prostate cancer in Poland, and to measure the impact of these variants on survival among patients. METHODS Three thousand seven hundred fifty men with prostate cancer and 3956 cancer-free controls were genotyped for three founder(More)
Several single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) have been associated with an elevated risk of prostate cancer risk. It is not established if they are useful in predicting the presence of prostate cancer at biopsy or if they can be used to define a low-risk group of men. In this study, 4,548 men underwent a prostate biopsy because of an elevated prostate(More)
A number of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the human genome have been associated with increased risk of prostate cancer. Recently, a single SNP in the region of chromosome 8q24 (rs188140481) has been associated with a three-fold increased risk of prostate cancer in Europe and North America. To establish whether rs188140481 is associated with the(More)
BACKGROUND Cardiovascular diseases are the most important causes of death in patients with chronic renal disease (CRD). Successful renal transplantation (RTx) corrects water and electrolyte disturbances and decreases or eliminates anaemia. It favourably influences cardiac haemodynamics and reduces risk of cardiovascular events. NT-proBNP plasma(More)
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