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Polarization Reconsidered: Bipartisan Cooperation through Bill Cosponsorship
Although the literature on congressional change has established that the parties in Congress have become increasingly polarized over time, this conclusion is limited to the study of members’ votingExpand
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Attack and Response in Political Campaigns: An Experimental Study in Two Parts
Although there is evidence that negative advertising “works” at least some of the time, little is known about how candidates should respond when they are attacked. In this study, we proceed from theExpand
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Political Trust and Negative Campaigns: Two Tests of the Figure‐Ground Hypothesis
Despite what many Americans believe, there is little evidence that increased campaign negativity has contributed to the loss of public trust in government in recent decades. In this article, weExpand
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He Said, She Said: The Impact of Candidate Gender in Negative Campaigns
Although there is evidence that negative advertising “works” at least some of the time, it has been suggested that going negative poses a special risk for female candidates because it violatesExpand
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Fighting Back: Attack and Response in Political Campaigns
Although there is evidence indicating that negative advertising “works” (at least some of the time), little attention has been given to the question of how candidates should respond when they areExpand
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Partisan Ambivalence and Negative Campaigns: A Survey Experiment
Studies show that going negative does not always work in political campaigns, and yet candidates and consultants are rational people whose experience has persuaded them that it can be a winningExpand
Political Cynicism and Negative Campaigns: Does One Make the Other More Effective?
Despite the lingering suspicions of many Americans, there is little evidence to support the notion that increased negativity in campaign politics has contributed to the erosion of public trust inExpand
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