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Helicobacter pylori infection is very common in Chilean adults, but the age-related prevalence, risk factors for infection, and mode of transmission in Chilean children are unknown. An ELISA was used to test for H. pylori antibodies in 1815 Chileans < 35 years of age. Seropositivity was > 60% in lower socioeconomic groups. H. pylori seropositivity(More)
To study the rate of infection by Epstein Barr virus (EBV) in Santiago, Chile, the prevalence of antibody to the viral capsid antigen (VCA-IgG) was determined in a group of 663 healthy individuals grouped by age and socioeconomic level (SEL). In addition, several risk factors for infection were studied. VCA-IgG was determined by ELISA. The total prevalence(More)
BACKGROUND Cat-scratch disease (CSD) is considered to be an emerging disease worldwide and is caused by Bartonella henselae, a gram-negative bacterium introduced by a scratch or bite of a cat. The most common clinical manifestation is regional lymphadenopathy, but clinical recognition may be difficult, as atypical manifestations may occur. The diagnosis is(More)
BACKGROUND Cat scratch disease, whose etiologic agent is Bartonella henselae, is a benign disease in immunocompetent subjects, characterized by lymphadenopathy of prolonged course and occasional involvement of other organs such as liver, spleen, central nervous system, eye and lung. In immunocompromised patients, the infection is bacteremic and(More)
The emergency department thoracotomy as a ressuscitative measure is a controversial subject in trauma surgery. Indiscriminate indication has occurred due to unclearness upon the real value of this procedure, but further critical evaluation has reduced initial enthusiasm rather emphasizing a more rational approach by systematization of criteria for selective(More)
Lyme disease, caused by the spirochete Borrelia burgdorferi, has several clinical manifestations and is transmitted to man by tick bites. In Chile and Latin America, several cases have been reported, but none with immunoblot confirmation or isolation of the infecting organism. We report a 9 year old boy consulting with bilateral facial palsy,(More)
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