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BACKGROUND Defects in protein folding are recognized as the root of many neurodegenerative disorders. In the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), secretory proteins are subjected to a stringent quality control process to eliminate misfolded proteins by the ER-associated degradation (ERAD) pathway. A novel ERAD component Usa1 was recently identified. However, the(More)
Deletions of loci on chromosomes 5q, 17p, 18q, and 22q, together with the incidence of p53 mutations and amplification of the double minute-2 gene were investigated in the sporadic colorectal tumors of 44 patients from a Spanish community. Chromosome deletions were analyzed by means of loss of heterozygosity analysis using a restriction fragment length(More)
The effect of rifamycin SV on the formation of 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-0HdG) has been investigated in vitro and in vivo. Oxidative modification of 2'-deoxyguanosine has been measured as an indication of DNA damage using high-performance liquid chromatography with electrochemical detection. Rifamycin SV in the presence of copper(II) ions induces the(More)
UNLABELLED Changes in nutritional status are related to an increase in morbidity and mortality. It is well established that health care professionals, particularly physicians, lack formal education to recognize nutritional disorders, which malnutrition may worsen in the hospital, and that appropriate education could effectively correct this problem. AIM(More)
We have studied the pro-antioxidant status of the rat liver on the last day of gestation and at 1, 15, and 30 days of extrauterine life. Representative variables, such as activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase, and glutathione peroxidase and concentrations of reduced glutathione and 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine, were determined in liver to assess(More)
The effect of two naturally occurring thiols, such as cysteine and homocysteine, has been examined for their ability to induce deoxyribose degradation and DNA damage. Copper(II) ions have been added to incubation mixtures and oxygen consumption measurements have been performed in order to correlate the observed damaging effects with the rate of metal(More)
The effect of t-butyl hydroperoxide (t-BOOH) on the induction of the Major Histocompatibility Complex (MHC) class I genes has been studied in two cell clones (B9 and G2) of the methylcholanthrene-induced murine fibrosarcoma GR9. These two clones were selected based on their different biological and biochemical behavior specially related to their tumor(More)
Incubation of calf thymus DNA in the presence of rifamycin SV induces a decrease in the absorbance of DNA at 260 nm. The effect, was found to be proportional to the antibiotic concentration and enhanced by copper(II) ions. In the presence of rifamycin SV and copper(II), a significant increase in thiobarbituric acid-reactive (TBA-reactive) material is also(More)
Nutritional obesity induced by the ingestion of hyperlipidic diet implies a high consume of lipids, which might be involved in oxygen metabolism. Double bound, in the fatty-acid molecules are a vulnerable point to undergo oxidation reactions-generating lipid peroxidation, that are potentially toxic and can produce serious cell injury (alteration in cell(More)
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