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BACKGROUND Our aim was to assess the natural history of liver fibrosis progression in hepatitis C and the factors associated with this progression. METHODS We recruited 2235 patients from the Observatoire de l'Hépatite C (OBSVIRC) population, the Cohorte Hépatite C Pitié-Salpétrière (DOSVIRC) population, and the original METAVIR population. All the(More)
The natural history of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients has never been studied according to the concept of liver fibrosis progression. The aim of this work was to assess the fibrosis progression rate in HIV-HCV coinfected patients and in patients infected by HCV only. A cohort of 122 HIV-HCV(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS A common clinical issue is whether overweight patients with abnormal liver function test results should undergo liver biopsy. Although serious liver injury can occur, its prevalence and risk factors are not well known. METHODS Ninety-three consecutive patients with abnormal liver function tests (but without overt liver disease), body(More)
Loss-of-function mutations affecting one or both copies of the Ten-Eleven-translocation (TET)2 gene have been described in various human myeloid malignancies. We report that inactivation of Tet2 in mouse perturbs both early and late steps of hematopoiesis including myeloid and lymphoid differentiation in a cell-autonomous manner, endows the cells with(More)
The interferon (IFN)-γ–induced TRAIL effector mechanism is a vital component of cancer immunosurveillance by natural killer (NK) cells in mice. Here we show that the main source of IFN-γ is not the conventional NK cell but a subset of B220+Ly6C− dendritic cells, which are atypical insofar as they express NK cell-surface molecules. Upon contact with a(More)
Antibodies targeting CTLA-4 have been successfully used as cancer immunotherapy. We find that the antitumor effects of CTLA-4 blockade depend on distinct Bacteroides species. In mice and patients, T cell responses specific for B. thetaiotaomicron or B. fragilis were associated with the efficacy of CTLA-4 blockade. Tumors in antibiotic-treated or germ-free(More)
BACKGROUND Therapy for hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is still unsatisfactory, particularly in patients who are co-infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Lamivudine, a retroviral inhibitor, has been shown to have activity against HBV replication in vitro, in animal models, and in studies of immunocompetent persons. OBJECTIVE To assess(More)
Efficiencies of a nuclease resistant antisense oligonucleotide and of siRNA both being targeted against the green fluorescent protein stably expressed in HeLa cells are compared in cell cultures and in xenografted mice. Using Cytofectin GSV to deliver both inhibitors, the siRNAs appear to be quantitatively more efficient and its effect is lasting for a(More)
The impact of hepatitis B (HBV) and C (HCV) on patient survival after kidney transplantation is controversial. The aims of this study were (1) to assess the independent prognostic values of HBsAg and anti-HCV in a large renal transplant population, (2) to compare infected patients with noninfected patients matched for factors possibly associated with graft(More)
The natural killer (NK) cell receptor NKp30 is involved in the recognition of tumor and dendritic cells (DCs). Here we describe the influence of three NKp30 splice variants on the prognosis of gastrointestinal sarcoma (GIST), a malignancy that expresses NKp30 ligands and that is treated with NK-stimulatory KIT tyrosine kinase inhibitors. Healthy individuals(More)